The major advantage of combining the racetrack procedure with the DI flashcard procedure is that it is in a game format and will likely add "intrinsic" motivation for spending more time on the mastery of basic facts.
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the DI flashcard procedure combined with a math racetrack procedure on the oral mastery of basic multiplication facts.
The purpose of this study was to determine if a typical third-grade boy and fifth-grade girl and a boy with learning disabilities could benefit from the combined use of Direct Instruction (DI) flashcard and math racetrack procedures in an after-school program.
A single subject multiple baseline design (Kazdin, 2011) across three sets of multiplication facts was used to evaluate the effects of the DI flashcard and a math racetrack procedures on mastery of basic multiplication facts by three elementary students
After this brief assessment, the researchers presented mastered (based on the pretest) facts using the DI flashcard and math racetrack procedures to familiarize the participants with the procedures (four sessions for Participants 1 and 2 and three sessions for Participant 3).
The DI flashcard and math racetrack procedures were used to help the children master targeted basic multiplication facts.
Set 2 target facts were added to both the DI flashcard and math racetrack procedures on the same session.
The senior author told them that they needed at least three days of a clear-cut effect and demonstrated mastery for a given set of facts before implementing the DI flashcard and math racetrack procedures with a new set of facts.