Radiolysis

(redirected from radiolytic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

radiolysis

[‚rād·ē′äl·ə·səs]
(physical chemistry)
The dissociation of molecules by radiation; for example, a small amount of water in a reactor core dissociates into hydrogen and oxygen during operation.

Radiolysis

 

the chemical transformations of a substance that occur upon exposure to ionizing radiation. These transformations generally involve the decomposition of the substance into simpler substances. For example, water decomposes into oxygen and hydrogen. The decomposition may be accompanied by other chemical or physical changes in the substance.

References in periodicals archive ?
06 g/kg) does not favor the production of enough radiolytic products and water free radicals which needed to induce significant changes in the gross composition of canola meal.
In the words of the committee, "The radiolysis data available in the scientific literature are insufficient to completely catalog the identity and quantity of each radiolytic product formed in any particular food.
FDA studies also point out that freezing, frying, and microwaving foods can create as many radiolytic products as irradiation.
The impossibility of testing large doses of radiolytic products on animals puts government regulators in a difficult position.
Mukherjee, Free Radical Scavenging Reactions and Antioxidant Activity of Embelin: Biochemical and Radiolytic Studies, Chem.
The project is designed to simulate fast-tracked aging of reactor graphite, involving neutron irradiation at the right temperature combined with simultaneous radiolytic oxidation.
Keyw or ds: Chemical dosimeters, Sandalfix Golden Yellow CRL dye, dosimetry, optical density (OD), radiolytic bleaching.
The metal actinides provide radiolytic energy' catalysis for oligomer formation and provide a coordinating ion for metalloenzymes all important in abiogenesis [6].
Irradiation-produced off-odor is most often caused by sulfur-containing compounds generated by the radiolytic degradation of sulfur amino acids.
Besides creating toxic byproducts such as formaldehyde and benzene, irradiation can create some "unique radiolytic products," chemicals that haven't even been identified or tested for toxicity, says Dr.
Following an introduction, the author turns his attention to particular aspects of this subject and his chapter titles run: History of food irradiation, Radiolytic products and selective destruction of nutrients, Deleterious effects of eating irradiated foods, Misrepresentation of the facts about food irradiation, and Conclusions.
These findings were in accordance to the published literature of radiolytic products of lipid when legumes were irradiated by gamma rays [25].