raisin

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Raisin,

river, 115 mi (185 km) long, rising in S Mich. and flowing E to Lake Erie at Monroe, Mich. After Detroit's surrender in the War of 1812, U.S. troops under Gen. James Winchester, sent to retake Frenchtown (the present Monroe), were crushed there by the British and their Native American allies. The Native Americans, after promising protection, attacked and killed (Jan. 22, 1813) the remaining Americans, and "Remember the River Raisin" became the American rallying cry to the war's end.

raisin,

dried fruit of certain varieties of grapevines bearing grapesgrape,
common name for the Vitaceae, a family of mostly climbing shrubs, widespread in tropical and subtropical regions and extending into the temperate zones. The woody vines, or lianas, climb by means of tendrils, which botanically are adaptations of terminal buds.
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 with a high content of sugar and solid flesh. Although the fruit is sometimes artificially dehydrated, it is usually sun-dried. The culture of grapes for the production of raisins is limited to regions with a long, hot growing season because the grape must remain on the vine until fully mature in order to attain a high percentage of sugar and because enough time must elapse between harvesting and fall rains to permit sun-drying. Raisins are produced from grapes of the European type (Vitis vinifera). Most seedless raisins, especially in California, are produced from the Sultanina, or Thompson, variety of seedless grape, known in international trade as the Sultana. A different variety, produced in California, is known there as the Sultana. The Muscat, a very ancient variety, is noted for its flavor and meatiness, but it has seeds and is somewhat sticky; it is commonly marketed in clusters for table use. Raisins of sharp flavor and firm texture are often called currants (although unrelated to the true currant) and are preferred for certain bakery products. Grapes have been dried for out-of-season consumption from ancient times and were important in early Mediterranean trade. Spain, Asia Minor, and Greece were long the centers of cultivation, but in the 20th cent. Australia became an important producer and California the leading producer. Raisin production was introduced in California by Spanish missionaries in the late 18th cent. and began to assume importance after 1875. Today most seed grapes are seeded, and many grapes are bleached and dipped in oil to improve their appearance. About 3 1-2 lb (1.6 kg) of grapes yield 1 lb (.45 kg) of raisins. Raisins are valuable nutritionally because of their sugar, mineral (especially iron), and vitamin (B and A) content.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carole Shelton's experimental trials with the same Zinfandel barrel aged at different alcohols showed that higher alcohol lots lost freshness and developed raisiny aromas faster.
the water start to flow, feel the raisiny wrinkles on your tongue,
Bright purple-tinged color; earthy and tobacco scented, with a floral berry perfume; slightly herbal with cedar, bell pepper and cocoa accents; well balanced, charming with good structure and a bit of raisiny fruit in the finish.
However, these late-harvest wines have a different, more "raisiny" character than botrytis-affected wines.
It was an apple tart Tatin (pounds 4) with fruit so rich and syrupy it tasted almost raisiny - great with the melting pastry and gentle maple ice cream.
Barrels that do not attract this valuable flor are fortified quickly and become Olorosos, which are matured in casks and become dark and unctuously rich, raisiny wines.
The luscious raisiny sweetness of this sherry brings out the sweet spicy flavours of mincemeat and buttery pastry perfectly.'
Sherry comes in various styles, from the bone dry Finos and salty Manzanillas - always served chilled - to the nutty Amontilados and rich, raisiny Olorossos.
A subtle, warming Italian red with a smoky, raisiny scent and gentle, mouth-filling cherry fruit.
This fabulous, grapey, raisiny, baked-apple treat, has just enough acidity to be refreshing and is stunning with cheese.
I'll also make sure I have a Plum Porter from Titanic Brewery - one of my favourite beers, thanks to its sweet raisiny ri chness.