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farm implement consisting of a row of straight or curved teeth of metal or wood attached to a bar or frame. It is used for gathering hay or grain into piles; for clearing fields, lawns, and yards; and for stirring and spreading soil. Horse-drawn rakes first appeared in the early 19th cent. but were not used generally until later. Of the several types of modern power-drawn hay rakes, the side-delivery rakes, which gather hay into continuous windrows by a rolling action, are the most popular. These include a reel type, which has raking teeth attached to rotating bars, and a finger-wheel type, which has teeth attached to large wheels. Lesser used rakes include the dump rake, which creates piles, and the sweep rake, which gathers and hauls a heavy load directly to the stack.


See C. Culpin, Farm Machinery (11th ed. 1986).

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The slope, or angle of inclination; the context usually indicates whether it is measured from the horizontal or the vertical axis.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


(building construction)
The exterior finish and trim applied parallel to the sloping end walls of a gabled roof.
(design engineering)
A hand tool consisting of a long handle with a row of projecting prongs at one end; for example, the tool used for gathering leaves or grass on the ground.
The angle between an inclined plane and the vertical.
(mechanical engineering)
The angle between the tooth face or a tangent to the tooth face of a cutting tool at a given point and a reference plane or line.
(naval architecture)
The angle between the vertical direction and a part of a ship, such as a mast, funnel, bow, stern, rudder, or sternpost.
To sweep a target, especially a ship or a column of troops, with gun or cannon fire.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. A slope; an inclination; e.g., the inclination (from the horizontal) of an auditorium floor.
2. A board or molding along the sloping edge of a gable; covers the edges of the siding.
3. On the roof of an early colonial house, a flat board covering the lower ends of the rafters.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a hand implement consisting of a row of teeth set in a headpiece attached to a long shaft and used for gathering hay, straw, leaves, etc., or for smoothing loose earth
2. any of several mechanical farm implements equipped with rows of teeth or rotating wheels mounted with tines and used to gather hay, straw, etc.
3. any of various implements similar in shape or function, such as a tool for drawing out ashes from a furnace
4. NZ a line of wagons coupled together as one unit, used on railways


1. Nautical the degree to which an object, such as a ship's mast, inclines from the perpendicular, esp towards the stern
2. Theatre the slope of a stage from the back towards the footlights
3. Aeronautics
a. the angle between the wings of an aircraft and the line of symmetry of the aircraft
b. the angle between the line joining the centroids of the section of a propeller blade and a line perpendicular to the axis
4. the angle between the working face of a cutting tool and a plane perpendicular to the surface of the workpiece
5. a slanting ledge running across a crag in the Lake District
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005