FDREQ denotes fault diagnosis route request packet, sqno is a packet sequence number it represent a globally unique random route
pseudonym, S(pid) packet id to index the particular route, Dis a destination.
For comparison purpose, we also simulate the random route
mutation proposed in .
An active random route
mutation (RRM) method is proposed by Duan et al.
 initialize their route set by first constructing a random route
. Then, they chose to start the first node of the subsequent routes from the set of nodes present in the previously constructed routes.
On one random route
we checked, Arriva had increased by 39% the cost of a return journey between Abergele and Rhyl for an adult and child.
The households were selected using a random route
Bandwidth consumption per query in MB Class ELiSyR SybilLimit EigenTrust Query forward .13 3.57 3.57 Random route
transfer N/A .159 N/A Verification N/A 0.000322 N/A Trust computation N/A N/A 0.0237 Table 3.
A random route
procedure was used to select households and each household, the Kish Grid was used to select a registered voter randomly.
For 90 minutes, they took a seemingly random route
on West Lothian back roads, with the guard tied up in the back.
The researchers also related these patterns to the trajectory of a Brownian path--the random route
taken by, say, a pollen grain in a glass of water--to prove a decades-old conjecture.
Filing a simple direct route is technically contrary to AIM 5-1-8(d), which states that operators should "[f]ile a minimum of one route description waypoint for each ARTCC through whose area the random route
will be flown.