raphe


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raphe

[′rā·fē]
(anatomy)
A broad seamlike junction between two lateral halves of an organ or other body part.
(botany)
The part of the funiculus attached along its full length to the integument of an anatropous ovule, between the chalaza and the attachment to the placenta.
The longitudinal median line or slit on a diatom valve.
References in periodicals archive ?
McMahon, "Photoperiod programs dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons and affective behaviors," Current Biology, vol.
In relation to the prosencephalon, immunohistochemical studies have shown that serotonergic neurons arising in the dorsal raphe nuclei are projected via the medial forebrain bundle to the striatum and cortex (85).
Nectow and his colleagues zeroed in on the dorsal raphe nucleus, or DRN, when whole-brain imaging made with iDISCO, an advanced technique developed at Rockefeller, revealed that this part of the brain becomes activated in hungry mice.
An orexinergic projection from perifornical hypothalamus to raphe pallidus increases rat brown adipose tissue thermogenesis.
Ultrasound of the scrotum demonstrated redundant soft tissue in the perineum inferior to the raphe. The bulge restricted the patient's daily activity and he opted for surgical excision.
RVM: rostral ventromedial medulla; MD: mediodorsal thalamic nucleus; PFC: prefrontal cortex; ACC: anterior cingulate cortex; DR: dorsal raphe nucleus; DMH: dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus; AVP: arginine vasopressin; CNF: corticotropin releasing factor; GFAP: glial fibrillary acidic protein; WDR: wide dynamic range neurons; BK: bradykinin; PG: prostaglandins; [beta]-EP: [beta]-endorphin; (-): inhibition of cell discharge; NTS: nucleus of the solitary tract; TNF-[alpha]: tumor necrosis factor-[alpha]; NK1R: neuropeptide K1R; SP: substance P; ENK: enkephalin.
This idea could be corroborated using two tools also developed by the Anatomic Gene Expression Atlas-AGEA (http://www.brain-map.org/agea/) that shows a correlation in gene expression in nearby areas [4] as shown in Figure supplementary S9 and the expression of one connectivity marker injected in the dorsal raphe nucleus shown in Figure supplementary S10.
The prostrate growth form and firm attachment via extracellular polymeric substances secreted by the raphe make C.
Jouvet," Afferent projections to the rat nuclei raphe magnus, raphe pallidus and reticularis gigantocellularis pars a demonstrated by iontophoretic application of choleratoxin (subunit b)," Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy, vol.
Among those structures, the mesolimbic pathway, the locus coeruleus, and the raphe nuclei can be damaged.
The gigantocellular reticular nucleus (Gi), the giganto-cellular reticular nucleus pars alpha (GiA), and the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) are main part of RVM.