Ratification

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Ratification

 

the approval by a country’s supreme governing body of an international treaty concluded by its representative. As a rule, only the most important international treaties are subject to ratification. However, ratification is essential if it is stipulated in the treaty, if the parties’ intention to ratify the treaty clearly stems from the circumstances of its conclusion, or if the representative of the respective state signed the treaty “subject to ratification” or such a condition is directly stated in the credentials defining the representative’s powers.

The constitutions of most states assign the right of ratification of international treaties to the head of state (either with or without the sanction of the supreme legislative body) or directly to the supreme legislative body. For instance, the Constitution of the USSR grants the right of ratification to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or directly to the Supreme Soviet. The USSR law on the procedure for ratifying or denouncing international treaties, adopted Aug. 20, 1938, establishes the types of treaties concluded by the USSR that are subject to ratification. They include peace treaties, treaties on mutual defense against aggression, treaties on mutual nonaggression, and treaties during the conclusion of which the parties agree to subsequent ratification.

Ratification is recorded by each state in an instrument of ratification, which states that the treaty has been examined by the ratifying body, carries the text of the treaty itself, and declares that the treaty will be complied with by the given state. The required signatures are given, and a seal is affixed. When concluding bilateral international treaties, the parties exchange instruments of ratification; when a multilateral treaty is ratified, the contracting states deliver the instruments of ratification to another state designated as the depository.

References in periodicals archive ?
[section]120.541(3), which requires legislative ratification of agency rules having adverse economic impacts or regulatory costs exceeding the threshold established by that same legislation in [section]120.541(2)(a).
Ratification of the Lisbon Treaty: Problems not only in Ireland', CEPS, EPIN Working Papers, by Piotr Maciej Kaczy ski, Sebastian Kurpas and Peadar o Broin, September 2009, available at shop.ceps.eu
ratification of the Rome Statute (signed by President Clinton in the final days of his administration).
Connie Hedegrd, European Commissioner for Climate Action, said: "Ratification of the second phase of the Kyoto Protocol underlines the EU s commitment to a legally binding and rules-based approach to international action on climate change.
Security Policy , Catherine Ashton, Friday warmly welcomed the ratification of
In Italy for example, the ratification will take place after the legislative elections on 13 April and the setting up of new authorities risks further delaying the vote.
The funding of European development assistance programmes in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of countries from 2008 is being threatened by the delay in member states' ratification of the revised Cotonou Agreement.
The UK's Ambassador to the United Nations, Jeremy Greenstock, told those in attendance on the occasion of his nation's ratification: "I am delighted to deposit the UK's ratification of the ICC today, making it the 42nd State Party to the Rome Statute for the ICC." Ambassador Greenstock also commented on the prospects of U.S.
The Agreement will enter into force on the 30th day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the UNFCCC representing at least 55% of global GHG emissions have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution establishes responsibilities for treaty ratification. It provides that the President "shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur." Contrary to common perceptions, the Senate does not ratify treaties; it provides its advice and consent to ratification by passing a resolution of ratification.
These two actions broke an undeclared but unyielding moratorium on ratification of ILO standards that had lasted 35 years-a moratorium which ILO advocates, particularly AFL-CIO President Lane Kirkland, argued was eroding American influence in the organization.
Finland and Ireland have become the latest countries to complete parliamentary ratification of Bulgaria's and Romania's EU Accession Treaty.