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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the approval by a country’s supreme governing body of an international treaty concluded by its representative. As a rule, only the most important international treaties are subject to ratification. However, ratification is essential if it is stipulated in the treaty, if the parties’ intention to ratify the treaty clearly stems from the circumstances of its conclusion, or if the representative of the respective state signed the treaty “subject to ratification” or such a condition is directly stated in the credentials defining the representative’s powers.

The constitutions of most states assign the right of ratification of international treaties to the head of state (either with or without the sanction of the supreme legislative body) or directly to the supreme legislative body. For instance, the Constitution of the USSR grants the right of ratification to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or directly to the Supreme Soviet. The USSR law on the procedure for ratifying or denouncing international treaties, adopted Aug. 20, 1938, establishes the types of treaties concluded by the USSR that are subject to ratification. They include peace treaties, treaties on mutual defense against aggression, treaties on mutual nonaggression, and treaties during the conclusion of which the parties agree to subsequent ratification.

Ratification is recorded by each state in an instrument of ratification, which states that the treaty has been examined by the ratifying body, carries the text of the treaty itself, and declares that the treaty will be complied with by the given state. The required signatures are given, and a seal is affixed. When concluding bilateral international treaties, the parties exchange instruments of ratification; when a multilateral treaty is ratified, the contracting states deliver the instruments of ratification to another state designated as the depository.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I believe that this is in fact a treaty, and as an international treaty, it must be ratified by the Senate.
With Japan's ratification, the total number of countries that have ratified the pact stands at 74, representing nearly 40% of the total amount of carbon dioxide emissions.
He noted that it was expected that the review would be completed in the financial year 2019/2020.Minister Mabeo said government intended to comply with all ratified conventions and would continuously engage where gaps were identified.
Asked why they did not itemize the lump sum funds before Congress ratified the expenditure plan, Senior Deputy Majority Leader Rodante Marcoleta earlier said: 'Marami nga kami.'
Japan, Singapore, Mexico, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Vietnam have ratified the deal, which met the minimum threshold - ratification by six signatories - for the CPTTP to take effect by year-end.
The government, SPLM-IO have already ratified the peace deal.
And that means for today, we must get the Bangsamoro Organic Law ratified.'
At least 45 countries have ratified the treaty- called the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products.
It tried to take the provinces into confidence and also wrote to the federal government, reminding it that 35 countries had already ratified the protocol and that Pakistan should also do so as only the first 40 countries will take part in the decision making process.
It was ratified prior to expiration of the current contract on April 8, 2017.
Only countries which have ratified the deal have a seat at the table in drafting the rules of how it will work in practice.
THE US and China have ratified the world's first comprehensive climate deal, in a move hailed by campaigners who urged the UK to follow suit.