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the approval by a country’s supreme governing body of an international treaty concluded by its representative. As a rule, only the most important international treaties are subject to ratification. However, ratification is essential if it is stipulated in the treaty, if the parties’ intention to ratify the treaty clearly stems from the circumstances of its conclusion, or if the representative of the respective state signed the treaty “subject to ratification” or such a condition is directly stated in the credentials defining the representative’s powers.

The constitutions of most states assign the right of ratification of international treaties to the head of state (either with or without the sanction of the supreme legislative body) or directly to the supreme legislative body. For instance, the Constitution of the USSR grants the right of ratification to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or directly to the Supreme Soviet. The USSR law on the procedure for ratifying or denouncing international treaties, adopted Aug. 20, 1938, establishes the types of treaties concluded by the USSR that are subject to ratification. They include peace treaties, treaties on mutual defense against aggression, treaties on mutual nonaggression, and treaties during the conclusion of which the parties agree to subsequent ratification.

Ratification is recorded by each state in an instrument of ratification, which states that the treaty has been examined by the ratifying body, carries the text of the treaty itself, and declares that the treaty will be complied with by the given state. The required signatures are given, and a seal is affixed. When concluding bilateral international treaties, the parties exchange instruments of ratification; when a multilateral treaty is ratified, the contracting states deliver the instruments of ratification to another state designated as the depository.

References in periodicals archive ?
This is why it is important for governments in the region to ratify the treaty, he said.
The Paris deal on slashing greenhouse gas emissions, which has the backing of nearly 200 countries, takes effect once at least 55 nations making up at least 55 per cent of global carbon dioxide emissions ratify it.
Both of them can take leadership and show carte blanche to the world to say we have together decided to ratify the CTBT," Zerbo said, according to the AP.
Back then, the legislature's failure to ratify the amendment was a crucial blow to the national campaign.
Bulgaria is about to ratify the Convention for the rights of disabled people at the beginning of 2012," MP Svetlana Angelova from the ruling center-right party GERB, a Deputy Chair of the Parliamentary Labor and Social Policy Committee, said in Ruse Sunday, as cited by BTA.
Nepal was required to ratify three UN conventions and four Acts related to anti-money laundering (AML) and controlling of terrorism financing by 2010 as per the commitments made in international forums.
Egypt has refused to ratify the Additional Protocol.
In the days before the Convention comes into force, many civil society organizations around the world are participating in a campaign, "Beat the drum to ban cluster bombs," to urge governments to sign and ratify the Convention, and to raise awareness about the potentially profound impact of the Convention on civilians and affected communities.
AaAa Our country, which co-chairs with France the conference on Article XIV, seizes every opportunity to call on all non-signatory states, mainly those included in annex 2, to sign and ratify the document in order to fill in the gap of the international disarmament regime, the Moroccan delegation noted.
UNITED NATIONS: A ministerial conference on Thursday pressed the nine states which have yet to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) to do so to ensure the pact can come into force.
These two parties dispute the procedure used to ratify this law, explaining that a Badinter majority is not needed for ratification of this law.
Ministers have refused to halt the process and the Bill to ratify the document faces its final hurdle in the House of Lords today.