Ratification

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Ratification

 

the approval by a country’s supreme governing body of an international treaty concluded by its representative. As a rule, only the most important international treaties are subject to ratification. However, ratification is essential if it is stipulated in the treaty, if the parties’ intention to ratify the treaty clearly stems from the circumstances of its conclusion, or if the representative of the respective state signed the treaty “subject to ratification” or such a condition is directly stated in the credentials defining the representative’s powers.

The constitutions of most states assign the right of ratification of international treaties to the head of state (either with or without the sanction of the supreme legislative body) or directly to the supreme legislative body. For instance, the Constitution of the USSR grants the right of ratification to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or directly to the Supreme Soviet. The USSR law on the procedure for ratifying or denouncing international treaties, adopted Aug. 20, 1938, establishes the types of treaties concluded by the USSR that are subject to ratification. They include peace treaties, treaties on mutual defense against aggression, treaties on mutual nonaggression, and treaties during the conclusion of which the parties agree to subsequent ratification.

Ratification is recorded by each state in an instrument of ratification, which states that the treaty has been examined by the ratifying body, carries the text of the treaty itself, and declares that the treaty will be complied with by the given state. The required signatures are given, and a seal is affixed. When concluding bilateral international treaties, the parties exchange instruments of ratification; when a multilateral treaty is ratified, the contracting states deliver the instruments of ratification to another state designated as the depository.

References in periodicals archive ?
Given the obvious desire of Senate Republicans to support the president's agenda without incurring criticism from their constituents, it's not difficult to imagine the Senate leadership using the same cowardly tactic to ratify LOST.
All 15 European Union environment ministers have reportedly pledged to ratify the treaty by the end of May.
The fish protection treaty will become legally binding as soon as the governments of at least 30 nations ratify it, a process that is expected to take a year or more.
'I am suspicious of the statement by JPN,' he told an anti-ICERD congress at the Putra World Trade Centre here, referring to Putrajaya's announcement not to ratify the treaty.
However, Malacanang remains confident that President Rodrigo Duterte would sign the BOL when both houses of Congress eventually ratify the bill.
''Japan welcomes the approval of the bill to ratify the Kyoto Protocol by the Russian upper house,'' the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
Swedish Environment Minister Kjell Larsson has said that the European Union could ratify a 1997 UN agreement to fight global warming before a summit next year.
Says Lashof, "I'm optimistic that the United States will ratify the protocol.
The government's decision not to ratify the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) is apt, says Negri Sembilan Menteri Besar Aminuddin Harun.
While there were some questions raised over the approved bicameral conference committee report on the budget, no senators present on the floor objected when a motion was made to ratify the budget.