Ratification

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Ratification

 

the approval by a country’s supreme governing body of an international treaty concluded by its representative. As a rule, only the most important international treaties are subject to ratification. However, ratification is essential if it is stipulated in the treaty, if the parties’ intention to ratify the treaty clearly stems from the circumstances of its conclusion, or if the representative of the respective state signed the treaty “subject to ratification” or such a condition is directly stated in the credentials defining the representative’s powers.

The constitutions of most states assign the right of ratification of international treaties to the head of state (either with or without the sanction of the supreme legislative body) or directly to the supreme legislative body. For instance, the Constitution of the USSR grants the right of ratification to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or directly to the Supreme Soviet. The USSR law on the procedure for ratifying or denouncing international treaties, adopted Aug. 20, 1938, establishes the types of treaties concluded by the USSR that are subject to ratification. They include peace treaties, treaties on mutual defense against aggression, treaties on mutual nonaggression, and treaties during the conclusion of which the parties agree to subsequent ratification.

Ratification is recorded by each state in an instrument of ratification, which states that the treaty has been examined by the ratifying body, carries the text of the treaty itself, and declares that the treaty will be complied with by the given state. The required signatures are given, and a seal is affixed. When concluding bilateral international treaties, the parties exchange instruments of ratification; when a multilateral treaty is ratified, the contracting states deliver the instruments of ratification to another state designated as the depository.

References in periodicals archive ?
6 for 2018 ratifying an agreement with Prague on avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on incomes.
Invoking something like a domino effect of geopolitics, he said Iran and Israel ratifying CTBT would provide momentum for Egypt to do so as well, which in turn would put pressure on the U.S.
Aside from Illinois, there have been few signs that any of those states are on the verge of ratifying the ERA.
He also congratulated the business community on ratifying the law-decree on the BCCI.
The letter noted that a group of people has sent a petition to the President against ratifying the Bill.
255 for 2010 was issued ratifying a MoU in Labor field between Yemen and Algeria signed in Sana'a on 20 July 2010.
Ratifying the convention would "reaffirm our commitment to fully implementing U.S.
Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Richard Lugar (R-Ind.), a noted Republican internationalist who supports ratifying LOST, was delighted by Rice's rapturous endorsement of the pact.
The United Kingdom followed the European Union on February 23 in ratifying the Aarhus Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters (see Europe Information 2938, same section).
The Kyoto Protocol commits ratifying countries to reduce their greenhouse-gas emissions, by 2012, to 5 percent below their 1990 emissions.
Although presidential economic adviser Andrei Illarionov has fiercely opposed ratifying the pact, Putin vowed to speed up the ratification process in May in return for the European Union's support of Russia's bid to join the World Trade Organisation.
The Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) gave the green light on February 4 to ratifying the Kyoto Protocol on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, based on a draft law presented by Minister of the Environment, Sergei Polyakov.