rationing


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Related to rationing: Office of War Information

rationing,

allotment of scarce supplies, usually by governmental decree, to provide equitable distribution. It may be employed also to conserve economic resources and to reinforce price and production controls. Originally used in community emergencies and in distributing supplies to sailors, rationing was first organized on a national scale in Great Britain during World War I, and during World War II it spread to most of the world. The methods used have varied according to the degree of rationing needed and to the products. Rationing methods include specific rationing, or allotment in terms of physical units; point rationing, the allotment of points (ration stamps) to be apportioned by the user among commodities of a given group; and value rationing, allotment in terms of expenditure. Rations may be allotted to individuals, institutions, and industrial users, or to communities, as in rural areas of undeveloped countries. In universal rationing, ration currency is issued to everyone in equal amounts; in differential rationing, the allocation is based on need and may vary according to occupation, age, sex, or health. In the so-called flow-back system, ration currency, usually distributed by the government to the consumer, moves upward from the consumer level to the manufacturer or processor as the product moves down. During World War II, rationing in the United States was administered by the Office of Price AdministrationOffice of Price Administration
(OPA), U.S. federal agency in World War II, established to prevent wartime inflation. The OPA issued (Apr., 1942) a general maximum-price regulation that made prices charged in Mar., 1942, the ceiling prices for most commodities.
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Bibliography

See W. A. Nielander, Wartime Food Rationing in the United States (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
Living in these bountiful times, it's sobering to wonder how the well-fed folk of 2015 would cope with the demands of rationing, which began this week in 1940.
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Just last week, the government said water rationing had started in Karaj, the first city to face that.
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Another misunderstanding is that rationing occurs rarely and only under special circumstances.
It's a great tragedy that the food standards in the UK are worse now than they were during the rationing during the war.
Her latest book, Health Care For Some: Rights and Rationing in the United States Since 1930, is a detailed, thoughtful history of health care in the US from the Great Depression until today.
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Rationing health care; hard choices and unavoidable trade-offs.
The PM said that food rationing has to be stopped, confirming that the cabinetis in front of a country that needs reform, development and rebuilding in all the sectors of health, agriculture, industry, education as well as housing.