rationing


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Related to rationing: Office of War Information

rationing,

allotment of scarce supplies, usually by governmental decree, to provide equitable distribution. It may be employed also to conserve economic resources and to reinforce price and production controls. Originally used in community emergencies and in distributing supplies to sailors, rationing was first organized on a national scale in Great Britain during World War I, and during World War II it spread to most of the world. The methods used have varied according to the degree of rationing needed and to the products. Rationing methods include specific rationing, or allotment in terms of physical units; point rationing, the allotment of points (ration stamps) to be apportioned by the user among commodities of a given group; and value rationing, allotment in terms of expenditure. Rations may be allotted to individuals, institutions, and industrial users, or to communities, as in rural areas of undeveloped countries. In universal rationing, ration currency is issued to everyone in equal amounts; in differential rationing, the allocation is based on need and may vary according to occupation, age, sex, or health. In the so-called flow-back system, ration currency, usually distributed by the government to the consumer, moves upward from the consumer level to the manufacturer or processor as the product moves down. During World War II, rationing in the United States was administered by the Office of Price AdministrationOffice of Price Administration
(OPA), U.S. federal agency in World War II, established to prevent wartime inflation. The OPA issued (Apr., 1942) a general maximum-price regulation that made prices charged in Mar., 1942, the ceiling prices for most commodities.
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Bibliography

See W. A. Nielander, Wartime Food Rationing in the United States (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Affordable Care Act means the beginning of the end for rationing by health condition.
Rationing continued until 1954, more than 14 years after it was introduced, lasting for longer after the war than during it.
Neither scenario unfolded as envisioned, with policymakers generally shunning explicit rationing schemes and the nation failing to achieve universal coverage.
Around 45 million ration books containing food coupons had been distributed throughout Britain in time for the start of rationing with 125,000 distributed in Huddersfield.
Apart from Beirut which receives 21 hours of electricity a day, most regions get 12 to 16 hours of power rationing.
While TEPCO's is planning to conduct area-by-area power rationing between 6:20 a.
I have left out most details with that list, as well as various disagreements among those who have written on rationing.
But it's hard to see how healthcare costs can be brought under control if attempts to make the system more efficient and effective get waylaid by irrational fears about rationing.
Canada, Sweden, Holland, Denmark, Norway, New Zealand and Israel, have implicitly or explicitly applied rationing in healthcare delivery, no valid estimation has been reached so far concerning the impact of such measures (Sabik and Lie 2008).
Most (94%) doctors said more rationing was inevitable, given rising demand and tight finances.
The water rationing scheme, carried out by the Zamboanga City Water District (ZCWD), started in February as the city's water sources started to dry up.