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allotment of scarce supplies, usually by governmental decree, to provide equitable distribution. It may be employed also to conserve economic resources and to reinforce price and production controls. Originally used in community emergencies and in distributing supplies to sailors, rationing was first organized on a national scale in Great Britain during World War I, and during World War II it spread to most of the world. The methods used have varied according to the degree of rationing needed and to the products. Rationing methods include specific rationing, or allotment in terms of physical units; point rationing, the allotment of points (ration stamps) to be apportioned by the user among commodities of a given group; and value rationing, allotment in terms of expenditure. Rations may be allotted to individuals, institutions, and industrial users, or to communities, as in rural areas of undeveloped countries. In universal rationing, ration currency is issued to everyone in equal amounts; in differential rationing, the allocation is based on need and may vary according to occupation, age, sex, or health. In the so-called flow-back system, ration currency, usually distributed by the government to the consumer, moves upward from the consumer level to the manufacturer or processor as the product moves down. During World War II, rationing in the United States was administered by the Office of Price AdministrationOffice of Price Administration
(OPA), U.S. federal agency in World War II, established to prevent wartime inflation. The OPA issued (Apr., 1942) a general maximum-price regulation that made prices charged in Mar., 1942, the ceiling prices for most commodities.
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See W. A. Nielander, Wartime Food Rationing in the United States (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
I stated this fact, "The mineral component of feed rations or the animal's body is also known as 'ash' or inorganic matter and minerals must be present in the right proportions".
The 24-hour c&e rations are a variant of the 24-hour gp ration.
17 (ANI): An 11-year-old girl allegedly died of starvation in Jharkhand's Simdega District recently, as her family's ration card was not linked to the Aadhaar, the 12 digit unique-identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their biometric and demographic data.
Bakery waste can replace corn grains and wheat bran in concentrate feed mixtures up to 60 % in growing lambs rations without any adverse effects on animal's performance with increasing growth rate.
Women line up to collect their wartime rations, and, inset, one person's weekly rations during those hard years
Later, in Canada, my unit became guinea pigs for trial field rations.
The United States rations chiefly by price and the ability to pay,
The government is considering an increase in citizens' cash allowance for rations, which currently stands at about EGP 15 per month, in expectation of a rise in product prices due to inflation, according to Minister of Supply and Internal Trade Khaled Hanafy.
The ISPR spokesman informed on Sunday that operation of dropping rations bags containing flour, rice, pulses, cooking oil and other essential goods is in full swing in the drought hit area, which are inaccessible due to having no communication facility.
YOUR reporter Georgia Arlott is to be commended for her efforts surviving on wartime rations.
The opposite problem is actually more frequent: people wanting more than their rations permit.
Rations were distributed by weight, monetary value or points.