rattan


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

rattan

(rătăn`), name for a number of plants of the genera Calamus, Daemonorops, and Korthalsia climbing palms of tropical Asia, belonging to the family Palmae (palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family). Rattan leaves, unlike those of most palms, are not clustered into a crown; they have long, whiplike barbed tips by which the plant climbs to the tops of trees. From the stem, noted for its extraordinary length (often several hundred feet) is obtained the rattan cane of commerce, a slender, flexible tough cane of uniform diameter, usually split for wickerwork, baskets, and chair seats and left entire for walking sticks, e.g., the Malacca cane. A resin that exudes from the fruit is known commercially as dragon's blooddragon's blood,
name for a red resin obtained from a number of different plants. It was held by early Greeks, Romans, and Arabs to have medicinal properties; Dioscorides and other early writers described it.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Rattan plants are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.

Rattan

 

(also ratan or rotan), a liana of the family Palmae, especially of the genus Calamus and closely related genera (for example, Daemonorops). The slender stems usually measure 3–5 cm in diameter and are very long (reaching 150–180 m or, according to other data, 300 m). The lianas climb with the aid of modified leaves or, sometimes, inflorescences, reaching the crowns of trees in the canopy of tropical rain forests. Some species, such as Calamus arborescens and C. erecta, have erect stems measuring as much as 6 m in height. The leaves are pinnate and end in a long tendril having recurved, claw-like barbs. Sometimes the axis of the inflorescence ends similarly. In some species the axis has been completely transformed into a “whip” clinging to the support, and normally developed inflorescences appear only on the top of the stem. Rattans are usually dioecious plants. The large, ovate fruits are edible in many species.

There are more than 350 rattan species, distributed primarily in tropical Asia. A few species are found in the tropics of Africa and Australia. The best-known species is Calamus rotang. The strong flexible stems of rattan are used in building, furniture-making, and the production of wicker items and boating and fishing gear. Calamus caesius and Calamus leiocaulis are cultivated for such purposes on the Malay Archipelago.

REFERENCE

Furtado, C. X. “Palmae Malesicae—XIX. The Genus Calamus in the Malayan Peninsula.” The Gardens’ Bulletin in Singapore, 1956, vol. 15.

S. S. MORSHCHIKHINA

rattan

[ra′tan]
(botany)
Any of several long-stemmed, climbing palms, especially of the genera Calanius and Daemonothops ; stem material is used to make walking sticks, wickerwork, and cordage.

rattan

, ratan
1. any of the climbing palms of the genus Calamus and related genera, having tough stems used for wickerwork and canes
2. the stems of such plants collectively
3. a stick made from one of these stems
References in periodicals archive ?
Prizmic and Brill et Compagnie, Inc., a company known for its signature style of juxtaposing the raw and traditional with choice modern materials such as select hardwood, hand tipped hides, brass, rattan, steel, glass and textile, very well complements the skills of visual artist and sculptor Jinggoy Buensuceso.
Additionally, for the ultimate in relaxation for your guests, check out the range of rattan daybeds and the comfortable rattan sun loungers.
According to the report, Rattan's request was granted by a judge a few months after Panesar was arrested over allegations of a public flare-up with her outside a pub in 2011.
And rattan is big news this season having been given a stylish new makeover with a range of new finishes.
With a strike-rate of nearly 25 per cent during the past fortnight, Rattan (3.30) can make it another Hooray Henry day in the TurfTV Maiden Stakes.
To illustrate the utility of such an approach, the results from a long-term study of rattan in western Borneo are presented.
Pinterest and Instagram are full of stunning examples of how rattan can lend a 'wow' factor in a way that solid wood simply can't, and it's totally in tune with our growing desire for natural products and organic designs in our living spaces.
"Rattan really is the 'super food' of the homeware world," declares Sophie Garnier, founder of Kalinko (kalinko.com), specialists in hand-woven rattan furniture and accessories made in Burma.
Zamba bamboo pendant lampshade PS59, Trouva; Kingston round white dining table, 90cm, currently reduced to PS149.99 from PS249.99, Furniture Choice (On wall) Olli Ella mini chari bag, rose, PS35 and (on floor) Olli Ella Piki picnic basket, rose, PS29, Hurn & Hurn; pink rattan kids storie stool, currently reduced to PS49.49 from PS51.99, Trouva.com KEEP IT LIGHT WOVEN furniture won't dominate a space, which makes it ideal for compact spaces and especially good for renters as it's easily transportable, says Kate Butler, head of product design at Habitat.
Rattan was a huge hit in the 1970s, a trend that stuck for at least a decade, and has endured as a staple of the conservatory - but perish the thought that this is just a predictable reincarnation.
Pear braided storage basket, large, PS75, Cloudberry Living SCENE-STEALER SEATS IF YOU like a laid back vibe, hanging chairs are ultra-fashionable currently, and Cox & Cox has an open weave round rattan cocoon chair, PS650.
" She highlights the Nadia bedframedesigned by Matthew Long), made from four individual rattan sections which clip together for easy assembly, and Habitat's range of rattan light shades, which simply fit over a bulb.