reason

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reason

1. Philosophy the intellect regarded as a source of knowledge, as contrasted with experience
2. Logic grounds for a belief; a premise of an argument supporting that belief
3. reasons of State political justifications for an immoral act

reason

the capacity of the human mind to make logical inferences, undertake rational arguments, understand the world, solve problems. What the nature, social determinants and limits of this capacity are, however, is much debated. See RATIONALISM IDEALISM, EMPIRICISM, ONTOLOGY; see also PRACTICAL REASONING.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, a number of reasoners for very expressive fuzzy DLs have been implemented [31], including FiRE [25], FuzzyDL [3, 6] and DeLorean [2].
As Reasoners, we find inspiration by the positive difference our technology can make.
Two algorithms are given to transform the UML-based service choreography model into the DL-based ontology through which the verification can be made using a DL reasoner.
Comparison of reasoners for large ontologies in the OWL 2 EL profile.
Motivated reasoners use low standards of proof for claims they like, high standards for ones they don't, and fixate on trashing opponents' weakest arguments instead of actually considering their strongest.
This format might lead reasoners to take each premise as a separate source of information and might therefore affect the way they draw conclusions.
Evans and Curtis-Holmes showed that when reasoners were forced to respond within 10 seconds on a syllogistic reasoning task, the number of logically correct responses declined and the influence of belief bias increased.
What distinguishes human beings from other animals is precisely their "need to learn to understand themselves as practical reasoners about goods" (p.
In the face of this finding, Mercier and Sperber argue that we should understand confirmation bias as a phenomenon that demonstrates that humans are good reasoners in the argumentative sense--i.
One view is that reasoners rely on abstract rules of inference that operate in virtue of their form (e.
By contrast with these two approaches, we propose an EDA framework using an existing ontology language, which allows for usage of reasoners and other available tools that support the standard OWL language.
Although this certainly holds true under some conditions, it is possible that model creation itself is "costly" and that the production of a single model may allow reasoners to satisfice rather than reason through a problem exhaustively.