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reason

1. Philosophy the intellect regarded as a source of knowledge, as contrasted with experience
2. Logic grounds for a belief; a premise of an argument supporting that belief
3. reasons of State political justifications for an immoral act
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

reason

the capacity of the human mind to make logical inferences, undertake rational arguments, understand the world, solve problems. What the nature, social determinants and limits of this capacity are, however, is much debated. See RATIONALISM IDEALISM, EMPIRICISM, ONTOLOGY; see also PRACTICAL REASONING.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Borthwick, a math advisor and education and math consultant in the UK, and Cross, who teaches primary science, digital technology, and computing in the UK, describe ideas, models, activities, and skills to help primary school teachers integrate reasoning in math and science lessons.
In his writings Iqbal favours the inductive reasoning which is the basis of the scientific method.
In case the middle step in this reasoning is unclear, the basic idea is that counterfactuals tell us what would be the case if the antecedent were true.
Reason or "reasoning" is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect.
However, whereas the earlier work suggests sympathy with a pragmatic and contextual understanding of reasoning practices and the principles that govern them, here it appears that the practices and principles of reasoning are evaluable by reference to their tracking success, presumably by allowing Reason to pick out value features in actions and epistemic features in belief.
(61) Still, he holds that "they only become practical goods in the context of practical reasoning, rational judgments," willing and human action.
French cognitive social scientists Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber's (2011) study, published in the journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences, examined the function of humans' ability to reason and advanced an argumentative theory of reasoning. They used function in its "biological sense" wherein the "function of a trait is an effect of that trait that causally explains its having evolved and persisted in a population" (p.
Thinking like a lawyer; an introduction to legal reasoning, 2d ed.
The legitimacy of semantic content in cognition and the truth achieved through this content must rely more originally on the network of functional propositions within which this content facilitates good reasoning and conveys meaning.
Sessions aimed at improving memory, reasoning, or visual concentration in healthy elderly people yield notable cognitive returns, even 5 years later, a long-term study suggests.
We examined users' information retrieval performance and their perceptions of their performance for a case-based reasoning knowledge repository to determine how users should be supported for effective use.
To the extent that my own experience and reasoning do explain my actions, those actions are determined and, therefore, not "free" in the radical sense.