rebellion

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rebellion

organized resistance or opposition to a government or other authority

rebellion

successful or unsuccessful mass uprisings against an existing set of rules, usually distinguished from REVOLUTION in that the system of power and authority is not fundamentally questioned, and also distinguished from COUPS D’ETAT in that the latter involve political ‘insiders’ rather than mass movements. Rebellions were a characteristic form of dynastic change in preindustrial empires. Glucksmann (1963) also sees these as endemic in traditional African states. Among typical groups involved in rebellions are slaves, peasants, and millenarian sects. The reason why rebellions rarely lead to revolutions is that forms of political organization based on CLASS and genuine structural alternatives in political and economic organization are both usually lacking before the advent of INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES.

Rebellion

Absalom
conspires to overthrow father, David. [O.T.: II Samuel 15:10–18:33]
Bastille Day
celebration of day Paris mob stormed prison; first outbreak of French Revolution (1789). [Fr. Hist.: EB, I: 866]
Beer Hall Putsch
early, aborted Nazi coup (1923). [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 198–241]
Boston Tea Party
irate colonists, dressed as Indians, pillage three British ships (1773). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 58, 495]
Boxer Rebellion
xenophobic Chinese Taoist faction rebelled against foreign intruders (1900). [Chinese Hist.: Parrinder, 50]
Caine Mutiny, The
sailors seize command from the pathological and incompetent Capt. Queeg. [Am. Lit.: Wouk The Caine Mutiny in Benét, 157]
Christian, Fletcher
(fl. late 18th century) leader of mutinous sailors against Captain Bligh (1789). [Am. Lit.: Mutiny on the Bounty]
Easter Rising
unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
Gunpowder Plot
Guy Fawkes’s aborted plan to blow up British House of Commons (1605). [Br. Hist.: NCE, 1165]
Harpers Ferry
scene of Brown’s aborted slave uprising. [Am. Hist.: John Jameson, 220]
Hungarian Revolt
iron-curtain country futilely resisted Soviet domination (1956). [Eur. Hist.: Van Doren, 553]
Jacquerie French
peasant revolt, brutally carried out and suppressed (1358). [Fr. Hist.: Bishop, 372–373]
Jeroboam
with God’s sanction, establishes hegemony over ten tribes of Israel. [O.T.: I Kings 11:31–35]
Korah
rose up against Moses; slain by Jehovah. [O.T.: Numbers 16:1–3]
Kralich, Ivan
fugitive from Turkish law; firebrand for Bulgarian independence of Ottoman rule. [Bulgarian Lit.: Under the Yoke]
Mutiny on the Bounty
activities of mutineers, Captain Bligh, island wanderings (1789). [Am. Lit.: Mutiny on the Bounty]
Peasants’ Revolt,
the English villeins’ attempt to improve their lot (1381). [Br. Hist.: Bishop, 220–221, 373–374]
Pilot,
the Mr. Gray successfully carries out many assignments for the rebels and thwarts the British [Am. Lit.: Cooper The Pilot]
Sepoy Rebellion Indian
soldiers’ uprising against British rule in India (1857–1858). [Br. Hist.: NCE, 1328]
Sheba
led an aborted revolt against King David. [O.T.: II Samuel 20: 1–2]
Spina, Pietro
returns from exile disguised as a priest and engages in antifascist activities. [Ital. Lit.: Bread and Wine]
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