Key rounding-off is a gradual process that particularly occurs when there is clearance in the engagement between a key and its mating recesses
. As the offset between key and recess profiles increases, the bearing area between them becomes very small, degenerating line contact.
Historically, presidents were able to take advantage of the long intersession congressional recesses
in order to fill key vacancies.
antiquated transportation methods often led the Senate to take recesses
They were identified in 17% of the frontal recesses
The Court upheld the first two questions saying that recess applied to both intersession and midsession recesses
, and that "vacancies that happen" applied to the both those that existed before a break and those that happened during a break.
(6) Every three days, a senator would gavel the Senate to order only to adjourn the Senate a minute or two later, thereby carving a longer recess into a succession of shorter recesses
and denying Bush a recess of the length sufficient to make a recess appointment.
The DOJ opinion also alerted the president that the question of his authority to make intrasession recess appointments was a novel issue on which there is little judicial authority; that "the substantial arguments on each side create some litigation risk for such appointments"; and that DOJ "cannot predict with certainty how courts will react to challenges of appointments made during intrasession recesses
, particularly short ones."
of more than three days, usually in conjunction
Beginning in late 2007, and continuing into the 112th Congress, the Senate has frequently conducted pro forma sessions during recesses
occurring within sessions of Congress.
"How many days a week do you work and what are your 'recesses
In all the countries, the elementary schools offer 45-minute class periods separated by at least 10-minute recesses
throughout the day.