recidivism


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recidivism:

see criminologycriminology,
the study of crime, society's response to it, and its prevention, including examination of the environmental, hereditary, or psychological causes of crime, modes of criminal investigation and conviction, and the efficacy of punishment or correction (see prison) as
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.

recidivism

habitual relapse into crime
References in periodicals archive ?
This paper reports the results of a study aiming to examine whether a relationship exists between parental supervision/involvement and recidivism among juvenile offenders at a South Carolina detention facility.
Second, results from several states involved in initiatives to reduce recidivism in the last decade are showing results.
The result may well be many more attempted attacks by convicted sex offenders and therefore higher recidivism rates on the whole, even if every individual attack attempted becomes somewhat less likely to succeed.
There are numerous studies of the benefits of correctional education programs in terms of reducing recidivism and decreasing the cost of incarceration (Blackburn, 1981; Burke and Vivian, 2001; Cecil et al.
The current study evaluated recidivism among released inmates from one of the country's largest jail systems (Philadelphia) and separated inmates into four categories: those with severe mental illnesses, those with a substance-abuse problem, those with dual problems of mental illness and substance abuse, and those with neither problem.
States also vary in how they track recidivism, making state-to-state comparisons difficult.
Harris spent a decade as a front-line prosecutor in San Francisco before taking over the district attorney's office, where she pioneered efforts to slow recidivism.
Much literature about prison ex-inmates reports on this disparity, yet little is known about racial disparity in recidivism rates among jail ex-inmates.
Ex-prisoners face daunting obstacles to successful re-entry into society, and rates of recidivism are high.
Further, according to current outcome evaluation data, youth court offenders have lower recidivism rates than offenders in other juvenile adjudicating formats (Butts, Buck, & Coggeshall, 2002).
In a series of reports to Corrections officials, Quirk indicated that the three year recidivism rate from the biofeedback unit (using these techniques) had never been more then 45% and in some groups had fallen to 15%.