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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person who commits a crime after having been previously convicted of a criminal act. In view of their great social danger, recidivists bear increased criminal responsibility. Under Soviet law, if a person is deemed a recidivist, he faces various legal consequences. A recidivist may not be released on surety (poruki) and for certain types of recidivists limitations have been placed on the application of conditional early release and the substitution of a milder sentence (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 53–531)• If a recidivist has been previously sentenced to deprivation of freedom, he will ordinarily serve his sentence for the new crime in a strict-regime colony (this does not apply to convicted women).

Under certain conditions, the court may deem a guilty person an especially dangerous recidivist. Examples include (1) a person previously sentenced to deprivation of freedom for a particularly dangerous crime against the state or for one of the other grave crimes enumerated in the law who again commits one of these crimes and is sentenced to deprivation of freedom for at least five years and (2) a person sentenced to deprivation of freedom twice before, in any sequence, for especially dangerous state crimes or other grave crimes (also enumerated) who again commits any of these crimes and is sentenced to deprivation of freedom for a period of more than three years.

When considering the question of whether a person should be deemed an especially dangerous recidivist, the court takes into account the degree of social danger of the crimes committed, the motives, the character of the guilty person, and the circumstances of the case. In view of the increased social danger of especially dangerous recidivists, the criminal code prescribes harsher punishment for such recidivists than for persons who have committed a crime for the first time. Conditional early release and the substitution of a milder sentence may not be applied to an especially dangerous recidivist.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to evaluate the predictive nature of the ego triad, the present study investigated whether the presence of enuresis and cruelty to animals in juvenile firesetters is related to recidivistic firesetting.
The presence of recidivistic firesetting behaviors was identified using information taken from the Juvenile Fire Risk Interview Form (Fineman, 1997b).
However, juveniles who were identified as being cruel to animals were more likely than those who were not cruel to animals to engage in recidivistic firesetting, [chi square](1) = 25.88, p = .001.
Greater understanding of extreme behaviours such as multiple murder may facilitate our understanding of other solitary recidivistic offenders.
highly chronic, specialist, recidivistic group of offenders.").
By and large, the most important of the BMW factors is the degree of reprehensibility of the defendant's actions since the amount of punitive damages imposed should reflect "'the enormity of [the] offense.'" (46) According to the Court, some conduct can be defined as more reprehensible than other actions, particularly: (1) where physical harm results; (2) if the harm is economic, where it was suffered by a particularly vulnerable target; (3) where there is evidence that the defendant acted intentionally or with reckless disregard for the safety of others; or (4) where such conduct was recidivistic in nature.
(160) Studies of recidivistic violent offenders, adults with antisocial personality disorder, and antisocial adolescents have all documented statistically significant reductions in levels of cortisol, the main circulating stress hormone.
Cognitive-behavioral programs have the potential to reduce the rate of recidivism in some inpatients with major mental illness and a history of recidivistic aggression, crime, or both, reported Dr.
Offenders, particularly recidivistic offenders, frequently demonstrate antisocial characteristics.
Also noteworthy is that drug abstinence treatment alone was found to do little to reduce recidivistic behavior among juvenile offenders.
We in corrections sometimes share the impression that offenders are more recidivistic than they really are.