reciprocal

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reciprocal

1. Maths of or relating to a number or quantity divided into one
2. Navigation denoting a course or bearing that is 180? from the previous or assumed one
3. Maths a number or quantity that when multiplied by a given number or quantity gives a product of one
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Reciprocal

 

a number whose product with a given number is equal to 1. For example, 5 and 1/5 are mutually reciprocal, as are —2/3 and —3/2. For any number a that is not equal to 0 there exists the reciprocal 1/a.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

reciprocal

[ri′sip·rə·kəl]
(mathematics)
The reciprocal of a number A is the number 1/ A.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first examines the foundation and implications of Jeff's voyeuristic identity; the second addresses Lisa's expectations of power from being looked at, and the strategies she adopts when this typical avenue of control is closed off by Jeff's dogged grasp on his subjectivity; the third analyzes the cinematic shifts that effect a break in the audience's identification with Jeff's subjectivity and the implications for Jeff's discovery of the fulfillment of reciprocality; and the last briefly considers the implications of Jeff's diegetic transformation on the meaning of the film's reflexivity and what the spectator is to understand about one's own position with regard to watching.
The remaining two hypotheses address the issue of the validity of cognitive theories of empowerment and LH and the reciprocality of empowerment and LH, and also address comparisons of the results obtained across methods.
In the context of this study, motivation was considered a personal factor in the triadic reciprocality model, and was operationalized by two constructs put forward by Pintrich and Zusho (2007): students' expectancy for success in a course (expectancy) and students' values and goals associated with a course (values/goals).
Bandura termed this concept triadic reciprocality (see Figure 1) and stated that the interactions between the three factors do not have to occur simultaneously or with the same intensity.
This organizing framework extends and redefines the social learning theory concept of interaction based on triadic reciprocality (Bandura, 2004).
Bandura's triadic reciprocality model (Figure 1) illustrates the bidirectional nature of the interacting determinants.
Rather, human functioning is explained in terms of a model of triadic reciprocality in which behavior, cognitive and other personal factors, and environmental events all operate as interacting determinants of each other.
(a) personal factors in the form of cognition, affect, and biological events, (b) behavior, and (c) environmental influences create interactions that result in a triadic reciprocality " (p.
This study was further defined with Bandura's (1986, 1997) social cognitive theory and his concept of triadic reciprocality. Bandura posited that personal factors (cognitive, affective, and biological), behavior, and the environment are all related which influence each other.
Over decades of study, accumulating evidence has demonstrated the reciprocality between osteogenesis and adipogenesis, which is well documented in [69, 70].
Reciprocality in addressing is restricted by the gender of the addressee.
For a micro-economy or market, the yin-yang state of balance is derived by the intersection of the consumption-and-saving curve (CS) and the total production curve (TP) (see Figure B.1 in Appendix B.) The shift factors of these curves are then the forces of centrality, mutuality (based on the spirit of jenyi reciprocality), and inter-space holistic transformations (consistent with ever changing forces of the I-Ching), among others.