recoilless rifle


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recoilless rifle,

light artillery piece, without recoil, usually operated by two men. An American invention, it was used as an infantry weapon for attacking fortifications such as pillboxes and bunkers during the last months of World War II and later in the Korean and Vietnam wars. Unlike standard artillery pieces it does not need a recoil mechanism and thus is light enough to be carried by one man. Recoilless rifles use a perforated artillery cartridge case that allows a portion of the propellent gases to escape through vents in the breech of the gun, thereby greatly reducing the recoil.
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recoilless rifle

[ri′kȯi·ləs ′rif·əl]
(ordnance)
A weapon consisting of a light artillery tube of the recoilless type and a very light mount.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nearby was a rectangular mess tent surrounded by an earthen berm that had been hit by enemy recoilless rifle rounds the day after Thanksgiving.
According to Versoza, among the heavy weapons found within Andal Jr's compound were weapons such as two 90mm recoilless rifles, a 57mm recoilless rifle, three 60mm mortar tubes, four M60 light machine guns, an Ultimax machine gun, two 81mm mortar tubes and 50 calibre Barret sniper rifle.
The patrol boat's task was to move Army infantry from one hot spot to the next, and the enemy took every opportunity to sink these boats with a dizzying combination of sniper fire, underwater mines, automatic weapons, rocket-propelled grenades and recoilless rifle rounds.
His reporting led to multiple combat operations that detained a prolific Tawhid Wa Al Jihad financier; identified and neutralized a Sunni insurgent training camp, and seized six substantial weapon caches containing more that 500,000 small arms rounds, 50 mortar rounds, an 82 mm recoilless rifle, grenades, and artillery rounds.
His company was a "heavy weapons support" company, providing mortar, machine gun, and recoilless rifle support to three rifle companies.
They also use the M249 SAW (squad automatic weapon) - a powerful hand gun used in close combat, the M16 assault rifle, M203 pump-action, single-shot weapon, Remington 870 shotgun, Heckler and Koch MP-5 automatic and M67 90mm recoilless rifle.
Because so many Southern soldiers came from rural backgrounds, for example, they were thought to be born marksmen with virtually any weapon, from a .45-caliber pistol up to the tank-busting 106mm recoilless rifle. It was an assumption fed by the Army's own boasting of the exploits of Tennessee-born Alvin York in World War I.
The attack with a recoilless rifle and machine guns killed the captain, wounded many of his crew, and set the ship on fire.
The engineer LAV, E32D, was the first vehicle casualty, hit by a munitions from an RPG or 82mm recoilless rifle. The HEAT round slammed into the turret ring of the LAV, spraying lethal shards of shrapnel everywhere in the interior.
Elsewhere, British Army sources suggested to Armada that "woeful" 60mm mortar systems could be replaced in the future with the Saab Carl Gustaf anti-tank recoilless rifle and its associated family of munitions.