Remembering

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Remembering

 

an element or an independent form of human activity in which particular aspects of an impending act of reproduction are formed. Together with retention and reproduction, remembering is one of the basic components of memory. The problem of remembering was first dealt with systematically by Plato. The first experimental study of remembering was undertaken by the German psychologist H. Ebbinghaus (1885) within the framework of the associationist school of psychology. The inadequacy of the concept of remembering as a mechanical imprinting and an associative linking of traces was, however, demonstrated by the German school of psychology of G. Muller (1850–1934). Remembering occurs in accordance with the meaningful organization of material and, as a rule, is involved in the solution of an actual problem (B. V. Zeigarnik, 1927). The works of the Soviet psychologists A. N. Leont’ev, P. I. Zinchenko, and A. A. Smirnov have shown that the development of specifically human social and historical forms of memory is associated with the transition from “direct” to indirect modes of remembering and with the perfection of the means of remembering and their interiorization, by virtue of which human memory acquires a voluntary and conscious character. The study of remembering has received clinical application in the diagnosis of localized brain damage and in psychiatry.

REFERENCES

Leont’ev, A. N. Razvitie pamiati. Moscow, 1931.
Blonskii, P. P. Pamiat’ imyshlenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.
Smirnov, A. A. Problemy psikhologii pamiati. Moscow, 1966.
Zeigarnik, B. V. Vvedenie v patopsikhologiiu. Moscow, 1966.
Lurüa, A. R. Vysshie korkovye funktsii cheloveka i ikh narusheniia pri lokal’ nykh porazheniiakh mozga, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1969.

A. A. PUZYREI

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the victim having no recollection of what happened to her, prosecutors were able to produce a wealth of forensic and CCTV evidence against Jeremy, which left him with no option but to admit the offences.
It is generally agreed that aging affects recall more than recognition (Danckert & Craik, 2013; Ruiz Gallego-Largo, Suengas, Simon & Pastor, 2015) and the reason could be that familiarity may mask recollection deficits in older people (Danckert & Craik, 2013).
We all went away from that recollection awed by the mystery of genetic transference, but also determined to override the tendency to let our genes have their way.
He said the date was "definitely not in my diary" and his staff also had no recollection of it.
Coun Cook's written response read: "Paul's recollections are entirely incorrect.
The 35-year-old admits killing Miss McCluskie but denies murder, saying he has no recollection of what happened after he grabbed her.
Washington, Dec 22 (ANI): The sizes of the posterior and anterior segments of the hippocampus, an important brain structure associated with recollection memory, could predict individual's ability to remember past events, according to scientists.
We had deployed and when we were eating dust and missing home I asked everyone what they thought about having a personal Recollection and it was an outstanding 100%, with the younger soldiers and the more mature of us.
My most vivid recollection is that the hardware store had a big homemade replica of the Liberty Bell out front, covered in tinfoil.
Interestingly, their graphical ratings of their dispositions suggest a slightly positive recollection of their mathematical experiences.
Florida And World War II: A Personal Recollection" is an interesting, well written personal recollection, well illustrated, well indexed and I hope well received.
The Epistemological Role of Episodic Recollection, MATTHEW SOTERIOU