rectilinear motion

Rectilinear motion

Motion is defined as continuous change of position of a body. If the body moves so that every particle of the body follows a straight-line path, then the motion of the body is said to be rectilinear. See Motion

When a body moves from one position to another, the effect may be described in terms of motion of the center of mass of the body from a point A to a point B (see illustration). If the center of mass of the body moves along a straight line connecting points A and B, then the motion of the center of mass of the body is rectilinear. If the body as a whole does not rotate while it is moving, then the path of every particle of which the body is composed is a straight line parallel to or coinciding with the path of the center of mass, and the body as a whole executes rectilinear motion. This is shown by the straight line connecting points Pl and P2 in the illustration. See Center of mass

Rectilinear motionenlarge picture
Rectilinear motion

Rectilinear motion is an idealized form of motion which rarely, if ever, occurs in actual experience, but it is the simplest imaginable type of motion and thus forms the basis for the analysis of more complicated motions. However, many actual motions are approximately rectilinear and may be treated as such without appreciable error. For example, a ball thrown directly upward may follow, for all practical purposes, a straight-line path. The motion of a high-speed rifle bullet fired horizontally may be essentially rectilinear for a short length of path, even though in its larger aspects the ideal path is a parabola. The motion of an automobile traveling over a straight section of roadway is essentially rectilinear if minor variations of path are neglected. The motion of a single wheel of the car is not rectilinear, although the motion of the center of mass of the wheel may be essentially so. See Ballistics

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Physics. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rectilinear motion

[¦rek·tə′lin·ē·ər ′mō·shən]
A continuous change of position of a body so that every particle of the body follows a straight-line path. Also known as linear motion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
The massive walking-beam rose and fell above the deck; at one end a piston-rod worked up and down; and at the other was a connecting-rod which, in changing the rectilinear motion to a circular one, was directly connected with the shaft of the paddles.
A high-accuracy pressure and displacement sensor were respectively mounted on the pedals and the rectilinear motion guiding unit, to accurately measure the force and speed in the vertical direction.
We consider two types of consensus motions: one is rectilinear motion, and the other is rotational motion.
The minimum radius (while maintaining the shape of the trajectory) provides the minimum distance to be held mobile robot first than leave the trajectory of the rectilinear motion in the direction of the initial sight chamber, secondly, each new part of trajectory must start from the point at which it is possible to hold one tangent for both new and old section, and the data points comes the steering wheel, so as to provide movement to the next path segment.
In this section, Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to verify the performance of the algorithms in three scenarios of target tracking: uniform rectilinear motion scenario, uniform circular motion scenario, and uniformly accelerated motion scenario.
Devoting a great part of the discussion to motion and its opposite--rest--and distinguishing the various directions of motion, he argues that circular motion (which is that of the celestial spheres) is prior to rectilinear motion, and he goes on to explain the differences between natural, forced, and accidental motion.
While allowing for the necessary lateral displacement of each drive segment with respect to its driven diaphragm, these roll pins provide an essentially rigid connection in the radial direction (also the direction of rectilinear motion), ensuring consistent positional control of segment components over a broad range of operating speed.
Simple rectilinear motion is either motion away from the center, motion toward the center, or motion about the center.
Other philosophers assert the complementary view that "the principle of inertia does not even try to explain uniform rectilinear motion, but only says it needs no explanation." (7)
The results show that the measurement system, consisting of two separated sources of fluctuations moving in a near-Earth space, can detect its own motion in form of a local time effect, or in other words, we can determine uniform and rectilinear motion of an isolated system on the basis of measurements made inside the system.
Linear variable differential transformers (LVDTs) are a common type of electromechanical transducer that can convert the rectilinear motion of an object to which it is coupled mechanically into a corresponding electrical signal.