The investigators also observed significant widening of each rectus
muscle (from 6.00 cm in nulliparous to 6.61 cm after one pregnancy and 7.03 cm after two pregnancies).
At laparotomy, a large, encapsulated tumor adhered to rectus
sheath was found.
The rationale of this study was that open cholecystectomy performed by rectus
sparing technique is the preferred method of laparotomy with symptomatic gall stones because of better outcome in terms of decreased postop pain and reduced incidence of incisional hernia.
It was our decision to proceed with the complex repeat UD repair and concomitantly treat the patient's SUI by re-approximating the previously placed rectus
A Spigelian hernia is defined as a hernia of the Spigelian fascia, the part of the transversus abdominis avponeurosis extending from the semilunar line to the lateral edge of the rectus
A proposed etiology of cervicogenic headache: the neurophysiologic basis and anatomic relationship between the dura mater and the rectus
posterior capitis minor muscle.
b) The purpose of the test is to differentiate a superior oblique palsy from a contralateral superior rectus
sheath hematoma is generally considered to be a self-limiting condition but may be fatal in some cases (4).
Computed tomography (CT) revealed hyperdense area of 7x5 cm in diameter, hematoma-compatible appearance, hemorrhage extending to the lumbar region in the right muscle tissue, densification compatible with edema, and dirty and diffuse echogenic areas in the abdominal anterior wall in the right rectus
abdominal muscle (Figure 1a, b).
Neuro-ophthalmological examination revealed mild palsy of the superior rectus
, medial rectus
, and inferior oblique muscles.
Based on the insidious onset, absence of ocular pain, predominance of inferior rectus
muscle swelling, and apparent muscular swelling with minimally swollen tendons [1-3], we diagnosed this case as TRAb-negative euthyroid Graves' ophthalmopathy.
A CT scan revealed a 5 mm defect in the posterior medial orbital floor with inferior displacement of the inferior rectus
muscle into the defect (Figure 2).