These results differ from other findings, where lower concentrations of polyphenols were found in red algae
in comparison to brown algae (Jimenez-Escrig et al., 2001, 2012).
In the red algae
, Ahnfeltia borealis (previously identified as Ahnfeltia plicata [Hudson] Fries) is a recently described species occurring in Hudson Bay Arctic waters (Milstein and Saunders, 2012), and although A.
Compounds with antiviral, antihelminthic, antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-allergenic properties have been found in green, brown, and red algae
(Newman et al., 2003; Wijesinghe and Jeon, 2011).
Initially, they had believed that the red color came from a large amount of red algae
concentrated in the water.
Kuwait had in the past witnessed appearance of red algae
in the country's bay, coupled with death of fish and other marine creatures.
Described in an open-access paper titled- "Three-dimensional preservation of cellular and subcellular structures suggests 1.6 billion-year-old crown-group red algae
" - in the journal PLOS Biology, the fossils are "probable crown-group rhodophytes (red algae
)." One of the two different kinds of algae is thread-like while the other has fleshy colonies.
Most of the encountered species were brown and red algae
. The preference of heavy metal accumulation differed according to the degree of water pollution and the macroalgal species; with a particular preference of Cu, Zn and Pb by Corallina elongata, of Mn by Jania adhaerens and of Cd by Cystoseira corniculata and Dictyota dichotoma.
The latter is formulated with red algae
extract and Camellia Japonica oil to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and protect against moisture loss.
Seaweeds are classified into three categories: Chlorophyta (green algae), Phaeophyta (brown algae) and Rhodophyta (red algae
) (O'Sullivan et al., 2010).
Clay is a big skin trend at the moment, and there are three "spa in a jar" options to try - green eucalyptus for purifying, black charcoal for brightening and, our fave of the lot, red algae
On the other hand, the red algae
cell-wall matrix SPs structural and functional features have been still few understood at level of research and their applications (Estevez et al., 2008; Rodrigues et al., 2009; Amorim et al., 2012).