Red Coral

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Red Coral

 

(Corallium rubrum, C. nobile), a coelenterate of the order Gorgonaria, class Anthozoa.

Red coral lives in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic (in the Canary Islands region) at depths of 10–200 m. It forms branched colonies that attach themselves firmly to the rocky bottom. The polyps are white, with a corolla of eight feathery antennae. There is an internal skeleton of red spicules, or calcareous corpuscles, which, by merging, form the compact axial skeleton of the colony. Ornaments such as beads, bracelets, and the like are made from this skeleton. Commerce in red coral began in early antiquity. Closely related species are found off the coasts of Japan and Indonesia.

References in periodicals archive ?
The red coral (Corallium rubrum) transcriptome: a new resource for population genetics and local adaptation studies.
From the time of the major discovery of Corallium secundum on the Milwaukee Banks in 1965 to the present, the annual supply of both pink and red corals has been extremely erratic.
Pink and red coral fisheries exist in the Mediterranean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
In contrast to the pink and red coral fishery in the Pacific, the black coral fishery in Hawaii is relatively stable.