forests were dominated by red fir
(Abies magnifica), with western white pine (Pinus monticola), sugar pine (P.
It's generally part of understory vegetation in association with spruce, cedar, hemlock, Douglas-fir, red fir
, redwood, and even certain pine and oak shrublands.
Crunching over the glistening, packed snow, we stop by a small red fir
, its lower branches bent by a load of snow.
You'll pass stands of old-growth red fir
and ponderosa and Jeffrey pine on the way to three vista points, where you can pause to listen to chickadees chirp, sniff the butterscotch scent of Jeffrey pine, and rest on benches and chairs cut from fallen timber.
Four other new champions topped the 500-point mark: in California, a bluegum eucalyptus owned by Clint Eastwood (629 points--see Register, page 14), canyon live oak (548 points), and California red fir
(547 points), and in Washington, a Western hemlock (545 points).
Another hike takes snowshoers to an area of old-growth red fir
, where it is not uncommon to find hare or even bobcat tracks.
Although many other Northwest wood lodges have shingle, board-and-batten, or clapboard exteriors, these seven are all constructed from whole logs, with timber ranging from cedar to red fir
An October fire roared through right after we bought the land, burning most of the tamarack and red fir
, charring the pine, and cleaning up 50 years' worth of underbrush and deadfalls.
The upper limit of the zone, typically a mixture of red fir
and lodgepole pine, is determined more by temperature, and can range from as high as 8,000 feet in the north to about 11,000 feet in the south.
To keep things interesting, Douglas-fir has been marketed variously as Oregon pine, bigcone spruce, blue spruce, yellow fir, and red fir