Pigeon Pea

(redirected from red gram)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Pigeon Pea

 

(Cajanus indicus), a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily Papilionaceae. It grows as a bush 0.5–3.5 m high with a coarse uneven ribbed stem. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle. The beans are short and flat. The seeds measure 0.5–0.8 mm in diameter.

Pigeon peas have been cultivated for more than 2,500 years. Crops are grown in Southeast and Southwest Asia, in tropical Africa, in Central and South America, and in northern Australia. The young beans are used as food; in nutritional value and taste they resemble green peas. The mature seeds are used to feed stock and fowl. In some countries they are fed to scale insects, producing raw material for making shellac (resin). They are also planted in large numbers as green fertilizer and on slopes to fight erosion. There are test plantings of pigeon peas in the USSR in the southern regions of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and also in Middle Asia.

N. P. IVANOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The results were also consistent with earlier report where allelochemicals from Eucalyptus showed around 75% inhibition in red gram [16].
The effect of allelochemicals of the leaf leachate obtained from Gmelina arborea also drastically reduced the relative water content in red gram followed by the other seed lots.
In the present study, activity of enzyme was found to increase as days of germination increased; for instance, the level of peroxidase in control red gram was 0.
The present study also revealed that the allelochemicals released from Gmelina arborea affected the germination and growth of black gram, green gram, red gram, and chickpea.
The effects of feed processing (mash vs pellet) and level of red gram straw (35% vs 50%) in complete diets on feed intake, growth and nutrient utilization were analyzed using general linear model procedure of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) (1996) in a 2x2 factorial arrangement.
Red gram straw used in the present study contained slightly lower CP and EE and higher CF and total ash contents when compared to the reports of Raut et al.
Expander extruder pelleting of complete diets significantly increased the voluntary feed intake and weight gain in goats and enabled effective utilization of red gram straw up to 50% level in complete diets.
Evaluation of complete rations containing groundnut haulms, banyan (Ficus bengalensis) tree leaves and red gram straw in sheep.
303 Mts to conversion of Red Gram (Arhar) into split dall and supply in Jute bags @50 Kgs net