Red Jungle Fowl


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Red Jungle Fowl

 

(Gallus gallus), a bird from the genus of wild, or crested, fowl. As C. Darwin established, it is the ancestor of domestic chickens. The red jungle fowl is found in the south and east of Hindustan (Deccan), southeast China (Yünnan, Kuanghsi, and the island of Hainan), Indochina, and on the islands of the Malay Archipelago. In the Philippine Islands, New Guinea, Society Islands, Marquesas Islands, Fiji, the New Hebrides, and other areas, the fowl was probably first introduced by man and later reverted to the wild state. The red jungle fowl is a small bird; the males weigh 900–1,250 g and the females, 500–750 g. The male’s plumage is reddish-gold on the back and blackish-brown on the ventral side; the female’s plumage is brownish. The bird lives in the wood and shrub jungles of mountains and plains. It sleeps and rests in trees and nests on the ground. The fowl feeds on grain, seeds, fruits, and small invertebrates. The wild red jungle fowl is easily tamed. It was domesticated in India about 3000 B. C. It was apparently from there that the domestic chicken penetrated into Europe through Iran. Three related species of wild fowl inhabit the west and south of India, Ceylon, Java, and some small islands near Java.

REFERENCE

Delacour, J. Pheasants of the World. London, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic evidence from Indian red jungle fowl corroborates multiple domestication of modern day chicken.
Ontogenetic development of gut function, growth and metabolism in a wild bird, the red jungle fowl. Am.
Interactions among morphology and immunocompetence in captive red jungle fowl. Master's thesis.
Endocrine-immune interactions, ornaments and mate choice in red jungle fowl. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 260:205-210.
This may be linked to the practice of crossbreeding between native chickens and captured Red jungle fowl for cockfighting and as a source of game birds for sport in Thailand and the Philippines (Nishida et al., 2000).
Chickens became domesticated from Red jungle fowl in Southeast Asia nearly 10,000 years ago (Sawai et al., 2010).
The differentiation between the Tibet population and the Sichuan population was larger than that among red jungle fowls and Chinese domestic fowls.
This indicated that Henan or Luxi had its own origin that could be from local domestic chicken but not from other gamecock breeds or from red jungle fowl because there was no evidence for the red jungle fowl distributing in the wild around Central China (West and Zhou, 1988).
Hence, the use of a common body weight to compare the carcass characteristics and composition of the red jungle fowl and commercial broiler allows a more precise comparison to be made.
The Nm value ranged from 0.497 (between Red Jungle Fowl and Gushi chicken) to 5.103 (between Xiaoshan and Luyuan chicken).
The hills are home to the grey and red jungle fowls, redstarts, flycatchers, woodpeckers, jays, fork tails, laughing thrushes and more.