reed instrument

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reed instrument,

in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. Free reeds, such as those in the reed organreed organ,
an organ in which air is forced over free reeds by means of bellows, usually worked by pedals. It is played by the use of one or more keyboards. Variations in tone are produced by stops that control different sets of reeds or vary the manner in which the air acts
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, accordionaccordion,
musical instrument consisting of a rectangular bellows expanded and contracted between the hands. Buttons or keys operated by the player open valves, allowing air to enter or to escape. The air sets in motion free reeds, frequently made of metal.
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, concertinaconcertina
, musical instrument whose tone is produced by free reeds. It was invented by Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1829. It is a chromatic instrument similar to the accordion, but its bellows are attached to hexagonal blocks having handles and buttons (finger pistons), and it is
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, and harmonicaharmonica.
1 The simplest of the musical instruments employing free reeds, known also as the mouth organ or French harp. It was probably invented in 1829 by Friedrich Buschmann of Berlin, who called his instrument the Mundäoline.
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, do not overlap the air passage; they are generally of metal. Beating reeds, such as those used in organorgan,
a musical wind instrument in which sound is produced by one or more sets of pipes controlled by a keyboard, each pipe producing only one pitch by means of a mechanically produced or electrically controlled wind supply.
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 pipes and in the clarinetclarinet,
musical wind instrument of cylindrical bore employing a single reed. The clarinet family comprises all single-reed instruments, including the saxophone. The predecessor of the modern clarinet was the simpler chalumeau, which J. C. Denner of Nuremberg improved (c.
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, strike the edges of the aperture while vibrating. Double-reed instruments, such as the shawmshawm
, double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboe, of which it is a precursor.
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, oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
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, bassoonbassoon
, double-reed woodwind instrument that plays in the bass and tenor registers. Its 8-ft (2.4-m) conical tube is bent double, the instrument thus being about 4 ft (1.2 m) high. It evolved from earlier double-reed instruments in the 16th cent.
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, and English hornEnglish horn,
musical instrument, the alto of the oboe family, pitched a fifth lower than the oboe and treated as a transposing instrument. It has a pear-shaped bell, giving it a soft, melancholy tone.
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, have two reeds facing each other, between which air is forced into the instrument; thus the reeds are set vibrating.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Model 8903 is manufactured by Reed Instrument Company a leading brand for hand held test and measurement instrumentation and tools.
One of the astonishing products of Leeds College of Music, Alan plays every reed instrument with skill and originality, whether it be his main instrument, alto saxophone, or the sonorous, but less usual, bass clarinet.
Some of the major companies included in the report are (Time Electronics, Extech Instruments, PCE Holding, REED Instruments, AOIP, Yokogawa Test & Measurement, Valhalla Scientific, Calibrators, Practical Instrument Electronics, Nagman).
Some of the key players that operate in the global Ultrasonic Thickness Gauge market are Fischer Technology Incorporated, Sonotec Ultrasonic Solutions, Mitchell Instruments Company, VOGT Ultrasonic GmbH, Megasonic Industries Private Limited, Intertek Group Plc, Cygnus Instruments, Precise Gauging and Automation Technology, Flexbar Machine Corporation, Reed Instruments. The research report presents a comprehensive assessment of the Ultrasonic Thickness Gauge market and contains thoughtful insights, facts, historical data and statistically supported and industry validated market data.
Soon the strident strains of the reed instruments -- playing, incongruously, a calypso song and accompanied by a pair of drummers -- came cascading down over the rooftops of the crowded camp and the Mediterranean Sea below.
Unfortunately, the shape of the blown ends was not recovered, so the pipes could have been flutes or reed instruments. Reproductions with improvised mouthpieces are sold in museums.
Simcock's expansion of his instruments from piano on the first album to piano, keyboards, French horn, flugelhorn, accordion, vibraphone, marimba and percussion on this one, together with Dixon's array of reed instruments and the production experience that Rodby brings, means that there is loads more depth of timbre and layering.
The tongue must be free to articulate against the reed or plalate in single reed and double reed instruments.
Surprisingly, he was also an excellent musician, capable of playing all the reed instruments, but excelling on the saxophone.
As part of the event, Philippine School Doha presented a musical interlude using bamboo and reed instruments. The students performed songs such as 'Paraiso' and 'Heal the World'.
In his introduction, which includes a quotation about endurance from Philip Farkas, he explains that this project was initially intended to be "an exploration into articulation for double reed instruments," but it grew into a much broader study of endurance and efficiency for woodwind and brass players.
At 4 p.m., donning saffron-colored robes and hats, they began the closing ceremony with a deep, throaty chant and the playing of cymbals and raspy reed instruments.