reed instrument


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reed instrument,

in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng. Single-reed instruments have one reed that is either free or beating. Free reeds, such as those in the reed organreed organ,
an organ in which air is forced over free reeds by means of bellows, usually worked by pedals. It is played by the use of one or more keyboards. Variations in tone are produced by stops that control different sets of reeds or vary the manner in which the air acts
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, accordionaccordion,
musical instrument consisting of a rectangular bellows expanded and contracted between the hands. Buttons or keys operated by the player open valves, allowing air to enter or to escape. The air sets in motion free reeds, frequently made of metal.
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, concertinaconcertina
, musical instrument whose tone is produced by free reeds. It was invented by Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1829. It is a chromatic instrument similar to the accordion, but its bellows are attached to hexagonal blocks having handles and buttons (finger pistons), and it is
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, and harmonicaharmonica.
1 The simplest of the musical instruments employing free reeds, known also as the mouth organ or French harp. It was probably invented in 1829 by Friedrich Buschmann of Berlin, who called his instrument the Mundäoline.
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, do not overlap the air passage; they are generally of metal. Beating reeds, such as those used in organorgan,
a musical wind instrument in which sound is produced by one or more sets of pipes controlled by a keyboard, each pipe producing only one pitch by means of a mechanically produced or electrically controlled wind supply.
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 pipes and in the clarinetclarinet,
musical wind instrument of cylindrical bore employing a single reed. The clarinet family comprises all single-reed instruments, including the saxophone. The predecessor of the modern clarinet was the simpler chalumeau, which J. C. Denner of Nuremberg improved (c.
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, strike the edges of the aperture while vibrating. Double-reed instruments, such as the shawmshawm
, double-reed woodwind instrument used in Europe from the 13th through the 17th cent. The term denotes a family of instruments of different sizes. The shape and tone of the soprano shawm are comparable to those of the oboe, of which it is a precursor.
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, oboeoboe
[Ital., from Fr. hautbois] or hautboy
, woodwind instrument of conical bore, its mouthpiece having a double reed. The instruments possessing these general characteristics may be referred to as the oboe family, which includes the English horn, the bassoon,
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, bassoonbassoon
, double-reed woodwind instrument that plays in the bass and tenor registers. Its 8-ft (2.4-m) conical tube is bent double, the instrument thus being about 4 ft (1.2 m) high. It evolved from earlier double-reed instruments in the 16th cent.
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, and English hornEnglish horn,
musical instrument, the alto of the oboe family, pitched a fifth lower than the oboe and treated as a transposing instrument. It has a pear-shaped bell, giving it a soft, melancholy tone.
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, have two reeds facing each other, between which air is forced into the instrument; thus the reeds are set vibrating.
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of the event, Philippine School Doha presented a musical interlude using bamboo and reed instruments.
In his introduction, which includes a quotation about endurance from Philip Farkas, he explains that this project was initially intended to be "an exploration into articulation for double reed instruments," but it grew into a much broader study of endurance and efficiency for woodwind and brass players.
donning saffron-colored robes and hats, they began the closing ceremony with a deep, throaty chant and the playing of cymbals and raspy reed instruments.
The drum machines and Omnichords worked with the simple songs like Never Going Back Again and Harmonium and Middle-Eastern reed instruments took songs like Big Love in a different direction.
Jeff Meredith plays all the reed instruments as well as trumpet, and is a long time favourite on the Welsh jazz scene, working with the likes of Byron Jones' Big Band, Diane Mitchell and Bob Tunnicliffe.
Sometimes, guests are even treated to a pachamanca,--an Andcan barbecue where musicians play zamponas and quenas, traditional reed instruments, while wrapped meat, carrots, corn, potatoes, and herbs bake in underground pits lined with hot bricks.
The eight-member band features banjo, guitar, reed instruments, piano, cornet, tuba, drums and trombone.
Surprisingly, he was also an excellent musician, playing all the reed instruments, but excelling on the saxophone.
Paul's regular all-star line-up is without Norman Field for this session, but his place is taken by the excellent Jake McMahon on the reed instruments.
Rogers has a rich tone and a remarkable energy when it comes to pushing the music forward, while Dunmall is a complete master of his various reed instruments.