reed organ


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reed organ,

an organorgan,
a musical wind instrument in which sound is produced by one or more sets of pipes controlled by a keyboard, each pipe producing only one pitch by means of a mechanically produced or electrically controlled wind supply.
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 in which air is forced over free reeds by means of bellows, usually worked by pedals. It is played by the use of one or more keyboards. Variations in tone are produced by stops that control different sets of reeds or vary the manner in which the air acts upon them. Couplers add the upper or lower octave of each tone played. In the late 18th cent. C. G. Kratzenstein built a small reed organ, inspired by the Chinese sheng. In 1810, G. J. Grenié of Paris invented the orgue expressif, and numerous similar instruments followed. Most of these, including the harmonium, as modified in 1840 by Alexandre Debain of Paris, had bellows that blew the air over the reeds, but c.1835 a workman conceived the idea of employing suction bellows. His idea was used by Jacob Estey of Brattleboro, Vt., and Mason Hamlin of Boston in the mid-19th cent. American organ, melodeon or melodium, and cabinet organ were the names generally applied to this type of instrument, although the terms harmonium and melodeon have sometimes been confused. Both types of instrument found wide use in churches and homes in the United States. Many larger modern reed organs are electrically powered and have pedal keyboards like those of the pipe organ.
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References in periodicals archive ?
When a reed organ eventually was installed, another disapproving member transferred to nearby St.
A reed organ was acquired in 1873, and the church's plan to have a large pipe organ was fulfilled when a three-manual, 34-stop instrument was installed by R.
He made noteworthy contributions to the development of gospel music, to the acceptance and popularization of reed organs in churches, to the use of the Harvest Bells collections that featured Southern Baptist thought and doctrine, and to renewed interest in church music reform in the late nineteenth century.
From the stance of scholarly comprehensiveness such thorough attention to context is laudable, but the reed organ afficionado and casual reader may need to exercise patience through the first third of the main text.
Boadway ("Estey Reed Organ Casework and Tonal Design") and Ned Phoenix ("Sound Production with Free Reeds") are important components of the work, the latter in particular helping to decipher--as Waring himself says--"the mechanical intricacies (and idiosyncrasies) of the reed organ" (p.
and 1 Silver St., in conjunction with the restoration of the former Hammond Reed Organ Factory Building into a 46-unit affordable apartment complex.
I trace my roots back to 1887 when a watchmaker at the Nippon Gakki company began making reed organs. I'm now the world's largest maker of a full line of musical instruments as well as sports equipment, semiconductors, robots, furniture, appliances, audio/visual products, machine tools and much more.
Her raw, delicately assembled folk is full of whistful beauty and the harp lends itself well to a collection of reed organs.
These appendices provide comprehensive lists of organs and reed organs in European synagogues, including the dates and locations of their construction, dispositions when known, and bibliographic information of sources that mention these instruments, as well as reproductions of a number of images of organ architecture.
Now aged 23, with a harp, an assortment of reed organs and an unfailingly haunting voice, Georgia presents a new collection of songs which recall those early inherited sounds to startling effect.
Reed organs, also known as harmoniums, melodeons, parlour organs, or pump organs, depending on their size, also played an important role in the musical life of the community.(2) Reed organs were the first organs installed in most churches.
Later in life he developed an interest in antique reed organs and restored one for each of his five grandchildren.