reference group


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reference group

the actual (or notional) groups or social categories with which SOCIAL ACTORS identify and make comparisons in guiding their personal behaviour and social ATTITUDES, e.g. the identification of young people with rock stars, or sports people. The term was introduced by the social psychologist Muztafer Sherif in 1948. Reference groups may or may not be synonymous with a social actor's membership groups. Negative as well as positive reference groups may be involved. See also ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION, RELATIVE DEPRIVATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
To find out more about the All Wales Patient Reference Group, please call the Diabetes UK Cymru office on 029 2066 8276 or Wendy Gane on 07939 311 645.
"The anti-poverty reference group provide real insight into how we shape and deliver our services so that we are delivering them effectively to those who rely on them and need them most."
Besides, section B of the questionnaire was to focus on the dependent variable about consumer purchase intention and section C was focus on the five independent variables, which were price, quality, reference group influence or word of mouth, emotional value, and perceived usefulness that designed in internal scales to gain responses from consumer in this study.
This is in contrast to the same within 41.8% of all examined cells in the reference group. Moreover, B lymphocytes, [CD3.sup.+]/[CD19.sup.+], were found to amount to less than 0.5% of the entire examined PF leukocyte population in both the study and the reference groups.
"We are currently establishing a reference group made up of residents, businesses and community groups to give their feedback on the future plans for Guisborough Town Hall.
After the end of 45 days treatment both active treatment groups and the reference group exhibited regular oestrous cycles, whilst the control group remained irregular.
H1a: Atypical high spending by the dissociative reference group will influence high SCO consumers to (a) increase spending from their current level for public products, but (b) not change their spending from their current level for private products.
She frequently serves as an advisor for the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops on ethical and moral questions, and is the CCCB delegate on the Biotechnology Reference Group of the Canadian Council of Churches.
According to the feeding scheme, bull-calves in the reference group received the basic ration (BR).
Kuder's (1977a, 1977b) interest inventories are based in a postmod-ernist paradigm, with test takers' scores being matched to the scores of individuals from a reference group database who are enthusiastic about their work.
The panel, technically known as a reference group, will be made up of criminologists Dr Silvia Casale and Prof Roger Graef, as well as Sir Stephen Sedley, a retired Court of Appeal judge.

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