measurements were processed using X-rite Spectrophotometer, Digital Swatchbook in the interval of the wavelengths from 410 nm to 700 nm for every 10 nm.
This way linear relations between the digital numbers (DN) of the original image and ground level reflectance
factors (R) were established by the relation
b] are reflectance
in the near-infrared, red, green, and blue spectra respectively; L is a constant that minimizes the ground effect (L=1); G is the gain factor (G=2.
The total solar reflectance
was measured using a Perkin Elmer Model 950 spectrophotometer, ** which was modified to measure UV-Vis-NIR using an integrated sphere.
A recent development in analysis using aerial hyperspectral imaging systems has enabled quantification of the reflectance
in a large number of relatively narrow wavelength bands (Jang et al.
To suppress possible difference in illumination, the normalized spectral curves were computed by dividing the mean band reflectance
of the curve (Eq.
At this point, the film was ready for reflectance
evaluation and cross-sectional microscopy.
Comparison between RIFA Nests and the Surrounding Objects
She launched Reflectance
in 2010 and was able to get the help of an investor from Prism VentureWorks whom she respected.
For an electromagnetic wave incident obliquely on the most left boundary of air/layer 1 at an angle of incidence [theta] as shown in Figure 1, the reflectance
R = [[absolute value of r].
The lithology of the Alamo Impact in Nevada was assessed with Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) imagery utilizing distinctive spectral reflectance
of rocks and minerals.
Ticona, the engineering polymers business of Celanese Corporation, has introduced two new-generation Thermx polycyclohexylene-dimethylene terephthalate (PCT) resins, said to deliver outstanding initial reflectance
and the reflectance
stability required in light-emitting diode (LED) packages found in display backlight and general lighting.