reflux ratio

reflux ratio

[′rē‚fləks ‚rā·shō]
(chemical engineering)
The quantity of liquid reflux per unit quantity of product removed from the process unit, such as a distillation tower or extraction column.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the base case considered above, the reflux ratio is 2.
mole/hr), Feed Temperature (60-100[degrees]F), Reflux Ratio (2-3) and Reboiler heat flow (1.
Similarly, three manipulated variables were defined, the reflux ratio (R), the heat duties supplied to the reboilers (C, and the third variable was the side stream flow rate (L).
The design of the steam stripper/distillation process includes the ability to recover heat from the effluent, vary the liquid to vapor (L/V) ratio and reflux ratio, pass fine solids through the system, access the Ways for cleaning, and allow cleaning of condensed ammonium salts from the condenser.
The selected column is a tray-type column with thirty valve trays operating at an average L:V ratio of 4:1 and a reflux ratio of 12:1.
The reflux ratio was set at 4 and the bottoms flowrate was specified to be 10 mol/s.
However, while lowering the feed tray the problem becomes harder to solve with the given reflux ratio and bottom flow rate specifications.
To test the methodology proposed in previous section, a depropanizer process (Lee, 1993) is used as a case study where the mole fractions of propane in distillate and isobutane in bottom product are controlled by simultaneously adjusting the reflux ratio (RR) and boil-up rate (Q) in the face of sinusoidal disturbances in feed composition.
Thus, the number of stages N, column diameter D (m), heat duty in reboiler HD (GJ/h), distillate flow rate DF (lbmol/h) and bottom flow rate BF (lbmol/h) as functions of the reflux ratio RR were all determined using Radfrac.
Models are used to fully understand the impact of such options as recycling intermediate cuts, using an entrainer, controlling the reflux ratio to maintain distillate purity, and bringing a column back to total reflux during distillation.
for the water cut, reducing/varying the reflux ratio during the operation and changing the cut temperature,
Also, only problems with standard column specifications of reflux ratio and distillate rate are solved so that the suitability of these methods for other reasonable column specifications remains in question.