Regiment

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Regiment

 

(1) A military unit of various combat arms and special troops in all armed services.

The regiment is an organizationally independent combat and administrative unit. There are motorized rifle, motorized infantry, infantry, tank, rocket, artillery, antiaircraft, reconnaissance, engineer, and signal regiments. Motorized rifle, motorized infantry, and infantry regiments are combined-arms tactical units. Every regiment has an organ of command and control (headquarters), several battalions or squadrons, and combat and logistics subunits. All regiments, except detached regiments, are part of larger units, such as divisions or brigades.

Regiments appeared in Russia and in Germany, France, Sweden, and elsewhere in Western Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. Their organization was changed many times in the 18th and 19th centuries. In World War I (1914–18), all infantry regiments usually had three or four battalions with four companies each and reconnaissance, heavy machine gun, and service subunits. A cavalry regiment had four to six squadrons. Substantial changes took place in the organization of regiments before and during World War II (1939–45), when tank, mechanized, aviation, and airborne regiments were created. During the war, an infantry, or rifle, regiment was composed of three to four battalions and artillery, mortar, antitank-artillery, and antiaircraft-machine-gun subunits.

(2) In Russia from the 13th through 17th centuries, units of the battle formation of the field forces, divided into five to seven regiments, including the forward, large, right-hand, left-hand, guard, ambush, and ertoul (forward reconnaissance cavalry) regiments.

(3) A military unit and administrative territorial district in the Ukraine in the 16th through 18th centuries.

Registered-cossack regiments appeared in the 16th century. They were military units and were named after cities and small towns. In the 1630’s the registered-cossack regiments were administrative territorial districts. During the War of Liberation of 1648–54 this principle of troop organization was extended to the whole liberated part of the Ukraine. A hetman was in charge of the regiments. The number of regiments varied from 16 to 20. Along with them, regiments as military units also continued to exist. In Slobodskaia Ukraina (the future Kharkov Province and parts of Kursk and Voronezh provinces), five military-territorial regiments were formed in the 17th century from among the cossack population—the Sumy, Akhtyrka, Izium, Kharkov, and Ostrogozhsk regiments.

After the Armistice of Andrusovo of 1667, ten regiments remained in the Left-bank Ukraine. They were subordinate to the hetman of the Ukraine. Each regiment was headed by a colonel, who was at first elected by the cossacks and later appointed by the hetman. The colonel exercised administrative, military, and judicial authority within the territory of the regiment with the help of the host starshina, which was elected at the regimental council. A regiment was divided into from seven to 20 sotni (cossack squadrons) and had between 1,000 and 3,000 cossacks. Its territory covered an area of from 2,000–3,000 to 20,000–30,000 sq km. In the cities, administrative authority was vested in city atamans. In the villages, the peasant population elected voity, and the cossack population, atamans.

With the development of serfdom and the fusion of the host starshina with the Russian dvorianstvo (nobility and gentry), the elective system became nominal. At the same time, the Russian government gradually limited regimental self-government. By the late 18th century, the regiments ceased to exist as administrative territorial units.

References in periodicals archive ?
Or, consider Hitler's obsession with what he declared was the eternal struggle between Aryans and Jews, and the ways in which that conviction contributed to the massive campaign for their extermination, which exceeded even the horrors of Stalinist Russia as an example of high modernist regimentation and technologizing gone awry.
They endured stem lectures, pious sermons, hard labor, and the regimentation of their time, but in the moments they reserved for themselves they returned to those very deeds their captors sought to eradicate.
Men are encouraged to become hard by army discipline and regimentation.
In 1946, at the onset of that horrible "first Indochina war," Vu is separated from Thuy, his childhood love, just as in 1954 people like Vu's relatives had to decide to leave their native hamlets and head south in order to escape persecution and regimentation.
We have been delighted by the overwhelmingly enthusiastic reception of Sun Princess' new design concept, which has freed passengers from the traditional onboard regimentation by providing unparalleled choice in dining, entertainment, accommodations and facilities.
Tenders are invited for Implementation of the Realignment Affecting The Reconstruction Of The Railway Site (road Body, Armament, Hydraulic Works Of Regimentation.
Bush's speech outlined vast new expenditures for the military and the new "homeland defense" apparatus, as well as a new "national service" initiative that would accelerate the regimentation of our nation's domestic life.
Their preponderant landscapes are populated not so much by individuated personae as by specimens of the human species lost in some highly generic situation: nineteenth-century urban desperation in Whispering Pages (1993); naval regimentation in Confession (1998); a father's interment in Second Circle (1990); ethno-medical research in Days of Eclipse (1988).
Time and time again we see that success in the classroom does not result from regimentation of specific teaching methodology, but instead from great teaching by great teachers who use methods of their choice.
While Fuchs frequently borrows from Foucauldian and feminist discourse a condemnation of Third Republic doctors and politicians for their increased regimentation and surveillance of poor pregnant women and new mothers, her reproaches are tempered by appreciation of a nascent welfare state which back-handledly recognized single motherhood and by a conception of women's agency at work in pregnant women's and mothers' interactions with public welfare agencies.
Agenda 21, UNCED's mammoth environmental manifesto advocating global regimentation of all human society, calls for some $7 billion per year to implement "intensive programmes" for population stabilization.
With Duchampian verve, McBride strips bare modernism's "bachelor"-hood, even, revealing its complicity with the spatial isolation, regimentation, and domestication of the body--particularly the female body.