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1. division of a country into administrative regions having partial autonomy
2. advocacy of such division
3. loyalty to one's home region; regional patriotism
4. the common interests of national groups, people, etc., living in the same part of the world



(1) A movement in American painting of the 1930’s. The regionalists, following in the traditions of C. Sheeler and C. Burchfield, addressed themselves specifically to American subjects and scenes. Their works combined elements of American primitivism, expressionism, and, especially, the German Neue Sachlichkeit movement. Depicting characteristic American landscapes and scenes from the history and daily life of the United States, the regionalists sought a literal, extremely detailed reproduction of reality. At the same time, their forms were extremely, if not excessively, expressive (as seen in the works of T. H. Benton and J. S. Curry), or they were coldly abstract and static (as seen in the work of G. Wood). Conservative nationalism and defense of the “American way of life” were combined paradoxically with social criticism and with caustic irony directed against philistinism.

(2) A term often used to designate various movements in 20th-century architecture that are marked by the adoption of local architectural traditions (ancient or folk) and that take into account as fully as possible the local natural and climatic conditions.


Reingardt, L. “Novaia veshchestvennost’ i ridzhionalizm.” In the collection Modernizm. Moscow, 1973. Pages 208–28.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fetterley and Pryse's American Women Regionalists Includes several short sketches and fictions by Zitkala-Sa and Alice Dunbar-Nelson, as well as Sui Sin Ear.
In addition to painting pictures, Regionalist artists were employed to paint murals in public buildings such as post offices and statehouses.
This conception of regionalism raises other questions as well: given regionalism's insistence on empathy and "the free choice of mothers," how does regionalist theory handle the genre's occasional spiteful friends or monstrous mothers devoid of empathy, such as Joe Daggett's demanding invalid mother in "A New England Nun," from whose unceasing care Louisa shrinks at least as much as she shrinks from the heteronormative state of marriage to Joe?
If possible, students should also be given an opportunity to see original Regionalist pictures in local art collections.
Yet despite the significant policy shift, the regionalist approach continued to dominate decision-making with regard to the Rhodesian problem.
Although many of the new regionalists praise Rusk's analysis for connecting urban decline with inelasticity, few are willing to focus responsibility for filling the governance gap so squarely on state legislatures, especially when the states are advised to act top-down by imposing such measures as city-county consolidation.
In the early 1930s Warren began to develop closer to home another example of what might be called a universal regionalist - William Faulkner.
Fetterley and Bryse assert that regionalist writers did not necessarily differentiate between their own writing and that of their contemporaries, at the same time that they affirm that "in practice" regionalists did differentiate themselves from local colorists "primarily in their desire not to hold up regional characters to potential ridicule by eastern urban readers but rather to present regional experience from within, so as to engage the reader's sympathy and identification" (xii).
And if the allegedly national (but in fact LA and NYC heavy) biennial of two years back seems about as sea-to-shining-sea as a New York City subway token, we might take a cut with our "New York Parochialism" wedge and get the air of neglected regionalists under the ball.
2) Regionalists sought to retain what they regarded as the "natural" features of regional societies.
Stimulated by the revival of modernist-inspired nationalism of the 1920s, the regionalists examined the diverse ethnic and racial cultures of Brazil.
All this is not so much wrong as unsurprising, especially to historians and Latin American regionalists.