regionalism

(redirected from regionalists)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial.

regionalism

1. division of a country into administrative regions having partial autonomy
2. advocacy of such division
3. loyalty to one's home region; regional patriotism
4. the common interests of national groups, people, etc., living in the same part of the world

Regionalism

 

(1) A movement in American painting of the 1930’s. The regionalists, following in the traditions of C. Sheeler and C. Burchfield, addressed themselves specifically to American subjects and scenes. Their works combined elements of American primitivism, expressionism, and, especially, the German Neue Sachlichkeit movement. Depicting characteristic American landscapes and scenes from the history and daily life of the United States, the regionalists sought a literal, extremely detailed reproduction of reality. At the same time, their forms were extremely, if not excessively, expressive (as seen in the works of T. H. Benton and J. S. Curry), or they were coldly abstract and static (as seen in the work of G. Wood). Conservative nationalism and defense of the “American way of life” were combined paradoxically with social criticism and with caustic irony directed against philistinism.

(2) A term often used to designate various movements in 20th-century architecture that are marked by the adoption of local architectural traditions (ancient or folk) and that take into account as fully as possible the local natural and climatic conditions.

REFERENCE

Reingardt, L. “Novaia veshchestvennost’ i ridzhionalizm.” In the collection Modernizm. Moscow, 1973. Pages 208–28.
References in periodicals archive ?
If possible, students should also be given an opportunity to see original Regionalist pictures in local art collections.
This generative process is the most remarkable contribution of the London Regionalists to the Canadian and international history of artist institutions.
Regionalists stress the values of distributive fairness and effectiveness, which is defined in terms of metropolitan regions' global competitiveness.
While his emphasis on the role of Poetry, the Little Review, and the Dial in the genesis of modern poetry is familiar, when exploring the "present" of 1930, Pound crossed into some largely unfamiliar territory: a little magazine from Mississippi, Charles Henri Ford's Blues, and a poetry magazine, Palms, edited in Guadalajara, Mexico, by a protege of regionalist poet Witter Bynner.
More problematic were discussions among the regionalists within the pages of Jean Charles-Brun's Action regionaliste concerning whether the Exposition's Rural and Regional Centers could ever be more than "regional masquerades.
Regionalist art lost out to artistic ideas from Europe that arrived in America after World War II.
In Resisting Regionalism, Campbell briefly acknowledges Zitkala-Sa's important contribution to early-twentieth-century women's literature as a writer of color who offers a new perspective on American experience, but, perhaps because Zitkala-Sa's work does not lend itself to the careful formulas of regionalism that Campbell lays out, Zitkala-Sa does not appear in Campbell's extended analysis of mostly white women regionalists.
Petry suggests that regionalists also "universalize" by dealing with perennial human issues, such as the role of women or how to cope with death, which detract from locational specificity.
Eakins was now regarded as the forerunner of the Regionalists.
For my doctoral research, I had the pleasure of visiting archives that held the correspondence and other writing of many prominent North American regionalists.
The turf and policy battles between the regionalists and the globalists continued throughout Carter's term in office, with the former tending to dominate policy discussions in the first two years and the latter in the last two years.
As central cities shrank, the regionalists envisioned planned "New Towns" springing up throughout the region, with each set in an open, green environment and providing both homes and work for the inhabitants.