reindeer moss


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reindeer moss:

see lichenlichen
, usually slow-growing organism of simple structure, composed of fungi (see Fungi) and photosynthetic green algae or cyanobacteria living together in a symbiotic relationship and resulting in a structure that resembles neither constituent.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Reindeer Moss

 

any lichen of the genus Cladonia, including C. rangiferina, C. alpestris, and C. sylvatica. Sometimes only the first species is called reindeer moss. Because of their bushy, heavily branched layers, the lichens are occasionally separated into the genus Cladina. It provides good fodder for reindeer. Some species contain usnic acid, which has antibiotic properties.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fruticose lichens of the genus Cladonia (known as reindeer moss as they are the reindeer's main food in winter) resume full activity as soon as the snow melts when spring arrives, when the temperature of the thallus is only 41[degrees]F (5[degrees]C).
Then the reindeer moss finally makes its long-awaited appearance, moving down from its former spot in the savoury section to the headline dessert billing.
Here, it spreads its green stems--cloaked with sharp spines and the last of its yellow fall leaves--above softly mounding reindeer moss (Cladonia rangiferina).
Their extended Beamish stay will give visitors a great opportunity to enjoy an up-close audience with these magical animals, as well as the chance to feed them with some of their special reindeer moss gathered from a forest floor in Norway.
There he purchased a large quantity of reindeer moss (actually lichen, mainly Cladonia spp.) from the farmers in the nearby Roros area.
For a restaurant that's caused such a stir before even opening - thanks to the 16-course menu that includes dishes such as fried reindeer moss and 'next year's cucumbers' - the decor is surprisingly simple.