relations of production


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relations of production

(MARXISM) the economic and social relations established between producers and nonproducers in the course of economic production. These combine with particular MEANS OF PRODUCTION to form a MODE OF PRODUCTION. One of the key distinctions is between capitalist and noncapitalist modes of production (see CAPITALISM AND CAPITALIST MODE OF PRODUCTION, NONCAPITALIST AND PRECAPITALIST MODES OF PRODUCTION). In the former the producers are separated from the ownership of the means of production. In non-capitalist modes, producers such as PEASANTS are likely to own many of the means of production, but are confronted by nonproducers, such as landlords, who extract an ECONOMIC SURPLUS from the producers often via the use of political, military or ideological power.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in classic literature ?
The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society.
Modern bourgeois society with its relations of production, of exchange and of property, a society that has conjured up such gigantic means of production and of exchange, is like the sorcerer, who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells.
Focusing on the social relations of production rather than on political structures, Chattopadhyay contributes to the ongoing worldwide endeavor to resurrect Marx's emancipatory vision of socialism as an association of free individuals, from the oblivion to which Marx's historical epigones consigned it by making his work serve their Party-State regime.
That is to say, constructing valid mechanism for relations of production to act back on the productive forces and for the superstructure to act back on the base is essential for Althusser's "refounding" of historical materialism from the end of the superstructure to the end of the base.
It's a tough ask, not least because the president-elect has promised not to tinker with the relations of production, and his Movement for National RegeneAration (Morena), which may win a congressional majority too, is an ideologically disparate alliance.
Many large and intensive agricultural operations remain family-owned; however, the social relations of production have changed as a growing number of farm operations expand, intensify, and externalize production costs onto farm workers.
Minor theory is a project and practice that should matter to those whose work it engages, not just because of issues of recognition--though these matter--but because the sorts of spaces, questions, categories, and analyses it opens up are useful for understanding and engaging uneven social relations of production and reproduction in a range of registers.
The author emphasizes the importance of addressing how capitalist relations of production and social reproduction are inherently gendered.
As Apeldoorn argues, "what distinguishes historical materialism from other perspectives is that it seeks to uncover the inner connections between the prevailing regime of surplus extraction as defined by the social relations of production and different systems of rule (different forms of state), including the relations and practices between those polities".
Amplifying analytical categories derived from Freud and Marx, Korstanje asserts that the state exploits totems and fetishes to create an illusion, one psychological, the other political, respectively, for purposes of maintaining relations of production beneficial to the ruling class and in the context of the bourgeoisie always "revolutionizing the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole relations of society" (p.
Bernad does not disclose the relations of production or the mode of production in Tamontaka, only that it was definitely not a commune.