care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Organizational dimensions of relationship-centered care. J Gen Intern Med 21(Suppl 1)::S9-15, Sep 2006.
Vanderbilt School of Nursing partnered with the Tennessee State Governor's Office of Children's Care Coordination (GOCCC), an agency focused solely on reducing infant mortality across the state, the two regional Medicaid Managed Care Organizations (MCOs) and a local community health center to offer a relationship-centered care delivery model targeted to adolescents.
Health professional education and relationship-centered care. San Francisco: PEW Health Professions Commission.
Four contributed essays discuss practical theories pertaining to a complexity perspective of organizations, interpersonal neurobiology, the administration of relationship-centered care, and the cultivation of an "authentic, affirmative and courageous presence." Following are eight case studies that illustrate transformation in various care-giving organizations, including a medical school.
The next stage in relationship-centered care is to build studies around patients' questions--collaborative studies, perhaps.
Our family medicine residents are taught to concentrate on and balance three complementary areas of emphasis: medical knowledge, relationship-centered care, and self-awareness and reflection.
* Relationship-Centered Care, at the core of nursing practice, "caring, therapeutic relationships with patients, families and communities: and professional relationships with members of the health care team" (p.
They recount stories of patients who have faced problems and harms in the healthcare system; review its basic design flaws; reconceptualize patient-centered care as relationship-centered care; describe the current movement in the US towards patient and relationship-centered care and stories of success; and outline a model of strategies for primary care practices that begins with their financial well being and involves team care, rapid access scheduling, population quality care work, and a focus on the costliest patients.
Health professions education and relationship-centered care. San Francisco, Calif: Pew Health Professions Commission, University of California-San Francisco, 1994.
The integrating concepts--context and environment, knowledge and science, personal and professional development, quality and safety, relationship-centered care, and teamwork--are the tree's branches.

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