What Table 3 illustrates here are the

relative odds of different categories of pupil gaining five or more GCSE grades A*-C compared to the reference category for that variable (the category with the odds of 1.000).

For initiation of DS, immigrants (RRR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.14-0.31) had lower

relative odds of having initiated during youth.

Relative odds of dying during or immediately following a heat wave by quintile of composite index.

Univariate unadjusted

relative odds of heart failure by galectin-3 quartile.

The logistic regression results indicated that the

relative odds an owl would switch nests between nesting attempts were independent of replacement of the female (Z21 = 0.32, P = 0.57), or the male ([chi square]1 = 0.01, P = 0.92), but the nest success and nest structure coefficients were both significant (P < 0.05).

For AMI, there was a 21% decrease in the

relative odds of death from 1994-1995 through 2004-05, when the risk adjustment model controlled for both paradoxical and non-paradoxical comorbidities (OR=0.79; p<.001).

The

relative odds of aggression rose significantly in association with lower perceived levels of socioeconomic status, parental support, peer support, and school environment; with the single exception noted above, the pattern of risk gradients remained consistent across age and gender.

For each vaginal birth, the

relative odds ratio for having stage 2-4 prolapse was 1.35; for each C-section birth, the

relative odds ratio for having stage 2-4 prolapse was 0.9.

The

relative odds of late-life brain infarcts in those with headache plus visual aura versus those without headache symptoms (adjusted for age, gender, sampling stage, and duration of follow-up) was 2.35 in the cortical region (P less than .005).

Baseline characteristics of VA users and other patients were compared before and after matching, and the

relative odds of death for VA users and other patients in private sector hospitals were estimated again using risk-adjustment models based on the matched samples.

For univariate analysis of categorical variables, we used 2 x 2 tables; for multivariate analysis, we used conditional logistic regression to determine strength of association between HMPV infection and potential explanatory covariates to obtain

relative odds (RO) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs); p values were obtained by using the Fisher exact test.

Teenagers consistently had the lowest likelihood of concurrent diagnoses, and the

relative odds were higher in each successive 10-year age-group.