What Table 3 illustrates here are the relative odds
of different categories of pupil gaining five or more GCSE grades A*-C compared to the reference category for that variable (the category with the odds of 1.000).
For initiation of DS, immigrants (RRR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.14-0.31) had lower relative odds
of having initiated during youth.
of dying during or immediately following a heat wave by quintile of composite index.
Univariate unadjusted relative odds
of heart failure by galectin-3 quartile.
The logistic regression results indicated that the relative odds
an owl would switch nests between nesting attempts were independent of replacement of the female (Z21 = 0.32, P = 0.57), or the male ([chi square]1 = 0.01, P = 0.92), but the nest success and nest structure coefficients were both significant (P < 0.05).
For AMI, there was a 21% decrease in the relative odds
of death from 1994-1995 through 2004-05, when the risk adjustment model controlled for both paradoxical and non-paradoxical comorbidities (OR=0.79; p<.001).
The relative odds
of aggression rose significantly in association with lower perceived levels of socioeconomic status, parental support, peer support, and school environment; with the single exception noted above, the pattern of risk gradients remained consistent across age and gender.
For each vaginal birth, the relative odds
ratio for having stage 2-4 prolapse was 1.35; for each C-section birth, the relative odds
ratio for having stage 2-4 prolapse was 0.9.
The relative odds
of late-life brain infarcts in those with headache plus visual aura versus those without headache symptoms (adjusted for age, gender, sampling stage, and duration of follow-up) was 2.35 in the cortical region (P less than .005).
Baseline characteristics of VA users and other patients were compared before and after matching, and the relative odds
of death for VA users and other patients in private sector hospitals were estimated again using risk-adjustment models based on the matched samples.
For univariate analysis of categorical variables, we used 2 x 2 tables; for multivariate analysis, we used conditional logistic regression to determine strength of association between HMPV infection and potential explanatory covariates to obtain relative odds
(RO) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs); p values were obtained by using the Fisher exact test.
Teenagers consistently had the lowest likelihood of concurrent diagnoses, and the relative odds
were higher in each successive 10-year age-group.