Notably, the Placer County court did not mention reliction or submergence doctrines by name.
(2) what would be the effect of reliction and submergence on the state's ownership of rivers and lake bottoms vis a vis competing riparian or littoral owners;
Settled federal case law fully adopts the doctrines of accretion, reliction, erosion, and submergence.(124) Rivers and lakes are presumed to have changed by these modes absent proof to the contrary of avulsive change.(125)
the doctrines of reliction and submergence define the
101 Ranch is the only explicit federal submergence case; numerous federal authorities regularly apply the reliction, erosion, and accretion part of the rule.(129)
To the contrary, several prior decisions recognized the state's right to create dry lands out of submerged lands and retain title to them, precluding upland property from any influence of accretion or reliction, and maintaining any contact with the water.
1987), that littoral rights include vested rights "to have the property's contact with the water remain intact," and "to receive accretions and relictions," and in Belvedere Development Corporation v.