* Encourage remineralization
of the skin with essential nutrients for hydration and barrier renewal.
Accordingly, new biofunctional materials that can be applied as thin coatings and actively release bioavailable ions have been introduced, as a strategy for aided remineralization
and reinforcing dental hard tissue.
Several studies report that such agents have anticariogenic properties that are explained by the contribution of minerals to the dental structure, which promote remineralization
and inhibit demineralization.
Caption: Figure 7: Progression ofX-rays showing bone remineralization
. Baseline is 12 months after (a) T0.
Intrinsic source to induce this erosion is mainly associated with gas1tric acid in oral cavity followed by vomiting, regurgitation or gastro esophageal reflux.A1 Although, teeth are exposed to continuous cycles of demineralization followed by remineralization
, this delicate balance can easily be disturbed due to extensive use of low pH drinks like soft drinks, fruit juices, acidic beverages, wines and candies leading to acidic dissolution of the inorganic phase of tooth and subsequent loss of tooth substance.2
By contrast, tooth enamel remineralization
can be quantified within the first three-six weeks, it then progresses slowly and constantly after 12 weeks (23).
Properties of glass ionomers for restorations like biocompatibility, bioactivity, remineralization
of the carious process and prophylactic effect on all teeth in the oral cavity make them very suitable for everyday use in clinical practice (2-6).
posite resin does nothing to assist with the remineralization
of caries affected dentine or enamel.
To prevent the occurrence of dental erosion, resources for diet guidelines may be used, as well as the application of products that minimize demineralization and promote remineralization
of the tooth structure .
The described issues were related to imaging of caries incipiens, their remineralization
, and monitoring of the progressing or stopped demineralization of the enamel surface or tooth structure underneath fillings [21-29].
The 128 dentin specimens that underwent artificial erosion were subjected to a cyclic de- and remineralization
procedure over 7 days with 42 de- and remineralization
cycles in analogy to a previous study  (6 cycles per 24 h, 4 h per cycle with 5 min demineralization, 3.5 h remineralization
(remaining 25 min: rinsing with deionized water between each demineralization/remineralization)).