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1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the doctrine that perception and recognition of particulars is possible because the mind has seen the universal forms of all things in a previous disembodied existence
2. Psychol the ability to perform a task better when tested some time after the task has been learnt than when tested immediately after learning it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in a work of literature (generally poetry), a recollection evoked in the reader by the unconscious or conscious borrowing of images or rhythmic and syntactic devices from a different work, another’s or the author’s own. Examples are “I have survived both much and many” (P. A. Viazemskii) and “I have betrayed both much and many” (V. Ia. Briusov). The value of reminiscence as a literary device depends on the reader’s memory and powers of perception.



improvement of the memory. According to the basic law of retention, proposed by H. Ebbinghaus (Germany), the recall of learned material must decay with time. Nevertheless, studies on reminiscence proved that the recollection of memorized material is better after some time has elapsed than immediately after memorization. This phenomenon embraces elements that could not be recalled immediately after learning as well as an overall improvement in recall. The many factors that determine the degree of reminiscence include the rapidity with which the material to be memorized is presented, the time elapsed between study periods, the degree of memorization, similarities between parts of the material, and the quantity of material. Numerous hypotheses on the nature of reminiscence have been advanced, but no satisfactory explanation of the phenomenon exists.


Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia: [Sb. st.] fase. 4. Edited and compiled by P. Fraisse and J. Piaget. Moscow, 1973. Pages 326–30. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
| The small cabinet in which the Reminiscence Group's and other DVDs and CDs will be stored.
Reminiscence boxes will now be introduced on the wards at Arrowe Park Hospital and at other local libraries.
This has been organised through Ruth Hellen, and it will an interesting first attempt to capture the views and reminiscences of ordinary members who have a long history as IAML members.
Gill Watson, project development officer for Sporting Chance, spotted the pieces in the store and thought they would be ideal talking points at her reminiscence events.
In the UNH study, researchers found a pronounced "reminiscence bump" between ages 17 and 24, when many people defined chapters of their life story beginning and ending.
It will tie-in with a visual arts exhibition inspired by the audio recordings at a themed community "reminiscence picnic".
Salt Lake City, UT, September 19, 2013 --( Larsen Digital, Preserving Your Memories, is helping raise awareness of Reminiscence Therapy, which is a form of therapy for people suffering from Alzheimer's.
Prof Carol Krumhansl said: "Music transmitted from generation to generation shapes autobiographical memories, preferences and emotional responses - a phenomenon called cascading reminiscence bumps."
The project will also ensure sufferers with mobility issues can get involved through a special reminiscence group.
Effects of a reminiscence program among institutionalized elderly adults