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1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the doctrine that perception and recognition of particulars is possible because the mind has seen the universal forms of all things in a previous disembodied existence
2. Psychol the ability to perform a task better when tested some time after the task has been learnt than when tested immediately after learning it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in a work of literature (generally poetry), a recollection evoked in the reader by the unconscious or conscious borrowing of images or rhythmic and syntactic devices from a different work, another’s or the author’s own. Examples are “I have survived both much and many” (P. A. Viazemskii) and “I have betrayed both much and many” (V. Ia. Briusov). The value of reminiscence as a literary device depends on the reader’s memory and powers of perception.



improvement of the memory. According to the basic law of retention, proposed by H. Ebbinghaus (Germany), the recall of learned material must decay with time. Nevertheless, studies on reminiscence proved that the recollection of memorized material is better after some time has elapsed than immediately after memorization. This phenomenon embraces elements that could not be recalled immediately after learning as well as an overall improvement in recall. The many factors that determine the degree of reminiscence include the rapidity with which the material to be memorized is presented, the time elapsed between study periods, the degree of memorization, similarities between parts of the material, and the quantity of material. Numerous hypotheses on the nature of reminiscence have been advanced, but no satisfactory explanation of the phenomenon exists.


Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia: [Sb. st.] fase. 4. Edited and compiled by P. Fraisse and J. Piaget. Moscow, 1973. Pages 326–30. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Light from above, Hume has said, such as that in his studio, allows for a "global" rather than a "terrestrial" view, which may to some extent explain the broad, ecumenical tone of many of his recent works, with their doves reminiscent of Braque's late paintings and their candy-colored UNESCO skies.
The Illiac Passion, 1967, which features chiaroscuro passages reminiscent of Anger's Inauguration of the Pleasure Dome of 1954, and incorporates 25 characters, is loosely based on Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound.
Reminiscent of the jottings and marginalia of Leonardo's notebooks, they obsessively describe one fantastical notion after another (architecture, landscape, physical gestures, circulatory systems) sometimes accompanied by a written word or two that suggest meanings for the "doodle" and/or the painting as a whole.
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Reminiscent of Kyoko Mori's Shizuko's Daughter, this book is translated into a more vernacular English.
This account, which is reminiscent of the movement in literary studies some years ago from an emphasis on authors and texts to a focus on reader response, is not so much wrong as it is partial.
Reminiscent of Terry Pratchett and Douglas Adams, Rankin's punny nursery rhyme lampoon will delight.
This is really not a contradiction, as the traces of this production process (reminiscent of primitive handicraft) find their correspondence in the lines of the wires--theirs is a raw, and even expressive power.
Oppo has teased a new display prototype that spills on both the left and right sides, reminiscent of Samsung's 'spilling' edge display.
A "reminiscent pod", aimed at helping patients with dementia, has been set up in the foyer of the hospital, to raise awareness and showcase the hospital's work around the illness.
JARDIN DE JADE, Block A, 2558 Yan'an Road West, LOOK beyond the grandiose interior, reminiscent of a flashy Las Vegas hotel, because the food on offer here is first class.