Reminiscence

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reminiscence

1. (in the philosophy of Plato) the doctrine that perception and recognition of particulars is possible because the mind has seen the universal forms of all things in a previous disembodied existence
2. Psychol the ability to perform a task better when tested some time after the task has been learnt than when tested immediately after learning it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Reminiscence

 

in a work of literature (generally poetry), a recollection evoked in the reader by the unconscious or conscious borrowing of images or rhythmic and syntactic devices from a different work, another’s or the author’s own. Examples are “I have survived both much and many” (P. A. Viazemskii) and “I have betrayed both much and many” (V. Ia. Briusov). The value of reminiscence as a literary device depends on the reader’s memory and powers of perception.


Reminiscence

 

improvement of the memory. According to the basic law of retention, proposed by H. Ebbinghaus (Germany), the recall of learned material must decay with time. Nevertheless, studies on reminiscence proved that the recollection of memorized material is better after some time has elapsed than immediately after memorization. This phenomenon embraces elements that could not be recalled immediately after learning as well as an overall improvement in recall. The many factors that determine the degree of reminiscence include the rapidity with which the material to be memorized is presented, the time elapsed between study periods, the degree of memorization, similarities between parts of the material, and the quantity of material. Numerous hypotheses on the nature of reminiscence have been advanced, but no satisfactory explanation of the phenomenon exists.

REFERENCE

Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia: [Sb. st.] fase. 4. Edited and compiled by P. Fraisse and J. Piaget. Moscow, 1973. Pages 326–30. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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