Remonstrants

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Remonstrants

(rĕmŏn`strənts), Dutch Protestants, adherents to the ideas of Jacobus ArminiusArminius, Jacobus
, 1560–1609, Dutch Reformed theologian, whose original name was Jacob Harmensen. He studied at Leiden, Marburg, Geneva, and Basel and in 1588 became a pastor at Amsterdam.
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, whose doctrines after his death (1609) were called Arminianism. They were Calvinists but were more liberal and less dogmatic than orthodox Calvinists and diverged from the teachings of the Dutch Reformed Church. After the death of Arminius and under the leadership of Simon EpiscopiusEpiscopius, Simon
, 1583–1643, Dutch Protestant theologian, whose original name was Biscop, Bischop, or Bisschop. Episcopius accepted the teachings of Jacobus Arminius and was a leader of the Arminians, or Remonstrants, who opposed the Calvinist conception of
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, they set forth their articles of faith for Holland and West Friesland in a petition that became known as the Remonstrance. Their main variations from orthodox views, as set forth, were conditional, rather than absolute, predestination; universal atonement; the necessity of regeneration through the Holy Ghost; the possibility of resistance to divine grace; and the possibility of relapse from grace. A movement to suppress the Remonstrants was led by Franciscus Gomarus and Prince Maurice of NassauMaurice of Nassau
, 1567–1625, prince of Orange (1618–25); son of William the Silent by Anne of Saxony. He became stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland after the assassination (1584) of his father.
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, and finally, after a hearing at the Synod of Dort (1618–19), the orthodox position prevailed. Remonstrants were denied church services, and their leaders were persecuted and exiled. With the death of Prince Maurice in 1625 the ban was lifted and the religion was tolerated until 1795, when it was recognized as an independent church. The Remonstrants survive as a small group in the Netherlands. They have had a liberalizing influence on Calvinist doctrine as well as on other evangelical churches.
References in periodicals archive ?
These views are typically Remonstrant or, as Mandeville thinks the clergy would consider him, "latitudinarian, if not worse." (21)
Although the Dutch government no longer guaranteed freedom of conscience, dissenters did not all join the Remonstrant ministers who went into exile, nor were they expected to do that.
The Remonstrant [party] pressing the making of an offensive warre and laying on the hundredth penny presently to be collected; which they conceive will be so heavie, as the common people will not be able to beare it, but that finding their purses to smart, they will conclude for a peace.
Following the first draft of the constitutional articles of the new church order, the Remonstrants left the process, because they could not find room enough for their liberal opinions in the new church.
was deeply involved in the Remonstrant Controversy as a senior figure in the government of Holland.
And, although in the 1660s there is some evidence to show that these political divisions were synonymous with a strict Calvinist/ Remonstrant divide, by the 1670s the majority of the town council were Remonstrant Calvinists in contrast to the majority of the citizens who were more orthodox.
Together with Elfriede Hajek Ingelene Erlbaum did hide in the house of the remonstrant (Unitarian) pastor, Angeniette Frevel.
Though Presbyterians arrived in Ireland by way of Scotland in large numbers in the early 1600s, they rather quickly divided (or continued their divisions) into several splinter groups, including the conservative Old Light, Seceders (Burgher and Antiburgher), (Marrow men) and Covenanters, moderate New Light, Arians that formed the Remonstrant synod, liberals, non-subscribers and Unitarians.
Van den Honert, for his part, accepted the principle of freedom of conscience and was prepared to tolerate, even recognize the legitimacy of the Republic's other Protestant denominations -- Lutheran, Remonstrant, Mennonite -- as long as they acknowledged Christ's divinity.
Grotius wished to convince the authorities of the States of Holland to appoint as Arminius's successor a Remonstrant, that is, an Arminian, instead of a Counter-Remonstrant, a strict Calvinist.
Severe crises periodically threatened the Union; these were the culmination of the Remonstrant conflict in 1618-19, the attempted coup with William II in 1650, and the upheavals which followed the French invasion of 1672.