renal

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renal

of, relating to, resembling, or situated near the kidney
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Native renal biopsy (one in which the patient's own, as opposed to transplanted, kidneys are biopsied) reports of male and female patients aged [greater than or equal to] 12 years on which the pathologist reviewing the specimen was able to make a definitive pathological diagnosis were included in the analysis.
In the second method, the veterinarian evaluated renal biopsy fragments with a light microscope (at a 10X magnification).
After resolution of pneumonia and BP control renal biopsy was performed.
The renal biopsy results for CKD in patients with DM could be divided into two categories: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) and nondiabetic renal disease (NDRD).
However in our patient, absence of clinical features suggestive of SLE and anti-dsDNA with normal serum complement levels, normal histological and immunofluorescence study of the renal biopsy tissue ruled out the diagnosis of SLE.
Laboratory data including urine sediments, urine protein, and complement (C3, C4), were collected at the time of diagnosis, first biopsy, 6 months after the first renal biopsy and last follow-up.
Antiphospholipid syndrome nephropathy (APSN) was noted in 4 (26%) patients at time of the first renal biopsy and in 9 (60%) on repeat biopsies.
Pulses of methylprednisolone were instituted (500 mg/day) and a renal biopsy scheduled prior to a new induction cycle of cyclophosphamide, in order to further sustain the relapse hypothesis.
Once used primarily in the identification of renal metastasis, lymphomas and abscesses, various urologic bodies are now adopting an expanded role for the renal biopsy. (7-9) A recent meta-analysis published in European Urology highlighted this increasing acceptance, noting a superb accuracy and a low rate of complications.
As laboratory investigations, clinical features and morphological information of renal biopsy give complete knowledge about the diagnosis.
The following articles were excluded: review articles; case reports; repeat publications and duplications; non human studies; pediatric studies; basic science studies pertaining only to the mechanism of LN; studies relating only to repeated renal biopsy; articles focusing only on one type of LN or proliferative nephritis; articles in which renal biopsy was not routinely performed on most patients with LN; articles focusing on all kidney diseases without discriminating between primary glomerulonephritis and secondary glomerulonephritis; and studies relating to prognosis that did not provide specific values for survival rates (Figure 1).
In view of definite diagnosis cannot be made via imaging, a renal biopsy was arranged.