renal vein


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renal vein

[′rēn·əl ′vān]
(anatomy)
A vein which returns blood from the kidney to the vena cava.
References in periodicals archive ?
Smelka et al demonstrated that MRI was more accurate than CT for the evaluation of tumour extension into the renal vein and inferior vena cava; a finding of great surgical significance as surgical approach will be altered2,13.
The tumour extended into the more inferior left renal vein and extended into the IVC, approximately 3 mm beyond its junction with the cava.
The left renal artery is dissected with endoscopic gastrointestinal anastomosis (endo-GIA) stapler, and the left renal vein laterally (Figure 5).
Table 1: Etiologies of Acute Kidney Injury in Lymphoma Pre-renal Intravascular volume depletion Nausea, emesis, diarrhea Hemorrhage Reduced kidney perfusion Vasoconstriction Sepsis Liver disease Medications (diuretics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) Renal Acute tubular necrosis Kidney ischemia Tumour lysis syndrome Medications (acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aminoglycosides) Tubulointerstitial disorders Secondary kidney infiltration Primary kidney lymphoma Glomerular disorders Amyloidosis IgA nephropathy Renovascular disorders Renal vein thrombosis Thrombotic microangiopathy Post-Renal Obstruction Exterior compression (lymphadenopathy, obstructing tumour) Internal obstruction (nephrolithiasis, crystalluria) (*)Adapted from Luciano & Brewster (2014).
Clamps were applied to the opposite (contralateral) renal vein, infrarenal IVC, and infrahepatic IVC in patients with infra hepatic IVC extension.
Keywords: Nutcracker syndrome, left renal vein entrapment, renal abscess, haematuria, fever.
After its origin, the testicular artery passed behind the left renal vein and descended downward.
Furthermore, the right renal vein follows an anomalous course, as it is situated posteriorly to the aorta to drain into the left-sided IVC.
In the present case, the left IVC ascended and joined the renal vein of the ectopic kidney.
Renal vein thrombi can be studied with Doppler ultrasound or CT angiography.
Postoperative complications recorded included renal artery thrombosis, renal vein thrombosis, ureteric leak or stenosis, reoperation for bleeding, or any other event requiring reoperation.