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(graphic arts)
Methods or techniques that are used to display realistic-looking three-dimensional images on a two-dimensional medium such as a computer display.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. A drawing, especially a perspective of a building or interior space, artistically delineating materials, shades and shadows, done for the purpose of presentation and persuasion.
See also: Design drawing
2. A coat of plaster applied directly to an interior wall or stucco on an exterior wall; a perspective or elevation drawing of a project or portion thereof with artistic delineation of materials, shades, and shadows. See also: Plaster
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


1. Applying a coat of plaster directly on an interior wall or stucco on an exterior wall.
2. A perspective or elevation drawing of a project or portion thereof with artistic delineation of materials, shades, and shadows.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(graphics, text)
The conversion of a high-level object-based description into a graphical image for display.

For example, ray-tracing takes a mathematical model of a three-dimensional object or scene and converts it into a bitmap image. Another example is the process of converting HTML into an image for display to the user.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (

browser rendering engine

Software that renders HTML pages (Web pages). A browser rendering engine turns content coded in HTML into the text and images for the screen and printer. Also called a "layout engine," a rendering engine is used by Web browsers, email programs (for HTML email) and other applications that render HTML content. Following is a sampling of popular browsers and their rendering engines. See HTML, HTML email and render.

                    RenderingBrowser             Engine     Source

 Internet Explorer   Trident    Microsoft
 AOL Explorer        Trident    Microsoft

 Firefox             Gecko      Mozilla

 Safari              WebKit     Apple

 Chrome up to V27    WebKit     Apple
 Chrome as of V28    Blink      Chromium

 Edge up to V79      EdgeHTML   Microsoft
 Edge as of V80      Blink      Chromium

 Opera up to V14     Presto     Opera
 Opera as of V15     Blink      Chromium

 Konqueror           KHTML      KHTML

 Brave               Blink      Chromium

 Vivaldi             Blink      Chromium

 Android browsers    Blink      Chromium
 iOS browsers        WebKit     Apple


(1) To make visible; to draw. The term render comes from the graphics world where a rendering is an artist's drawing of what a new structure would look like. In computer-aided design (CAD), a rendering is a particular view of a 3D model that has been converted into a realistic image. It includes basic lighting such as Gouraud shading as well as more sophisticated effects that simulate shadows, reflection and refraction. It may also include the application of textures to the surfaces. See Gouraud shading, Phong shading, texture mapping, ray tracing and rapid prototyping.

(2) To convert any coded content to the required format for display or printing. Although the term is typically used to refer to images, it may refer to any data. For example, an HTML page, which contains text and graphics, is said to be "rendered" when it is displayed. See browser rendering engine.

A Bentley Rendering
Photorealistic pictures require high-end rendering software. This drawing of downtown Philadelphia was rendered in MicroStation MasterPiece from Bentley Systems. (Image courtesy of Bentley Systems, Inc.)

A Pixar Rendering
Pixar's sophisticated RenderMan software was used to simulate water in this example. (Image courtesy of Pixar Animation Studios.)
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References in periodicals archive ?
"MORGENROT offers cloud based distributed rendering service which is highly efficient and scalable for all creators who are hungry for more computing power as they need it.
Rendering needs were not the same as nowadays, but proportionally, the computing power neither.
Experiments show that our efficiency control method can stabilize the rendering efficiency within the user's expectations to within 0.6 s for the scenery drawing of tens of thousands of sports fans.
Rendering yield, fat recovery rate, and moisture content: The rendering yield and fat recovery rate of chicken fat were determined according to the methods of Sheu and Chen [4] and Zhang et al [5] using the following equations.
Vince Wareham of Alexander Park in Sunderland who has complained about the rendering on his new Persimmon home, they have now agreed to replace the entire render
"Having to re-create a rendering can slow down an actual process.
Most of the workers of the Shumen-based rendering plant will be forced to go on a leave of absence as of Monday.
Most American rendering plants use a continuous cooker system in an agitated vessel to heat the raw material to between 240 F and 290 F (115 C to 145 C) at atmospheric conditions.
Shaderlight Cloud Rendering powered by Limitless Computing renders Google SketchUp animations up to 30x faster, and scenes up to 5x faster, delivering high resolution, photorealistic visualizations direct from Google SketchUp in hours, not days.
Rendering software and visualisation tools provider mental images announced on Thursday its iray rendering solution has been incorporated into the Autodesk Subscription Advantage Pack for Autodesk 3ds Max 2011 and 3ds Max Design 2011 software.
Once the datasets were reconstructed, all images were sent to a workstation (Leonardo running InSpace, Siemens Healthcare) for 3-dimensional rendering by the radiologist.