reredos


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reredos

(rēr`dŏs), ornamented wall or screen that rises behind the high altar of a church, forming a background for it. It may be placed against the apse wall at the extreme end or directly behind the altar, as in certain English churches where it serves to separate the choir and the retrochoir. Called dossal, or dorsal in its earliest form, it was a tapestry or a richly embroidered fabric suspended behind the altar. In the 11th and 12th cent. the reredos was generally a screen of gold, silver, or ivory adorned with sculptures in relief. It became a permanent architectural feature in the late Gothic in England and the Renaissance in Spain, where it was seen as a lofty decorative structure filling the entire width of the choir. Relief sculptures of the Passion and figures of angels and saints were enclosed by a rich framework of pilasters and pinnacles. Especially ornate were the marble and alabaster examples in Spain and those of polychromed and gilded wood in the baroque churches of Mexico. The reredos of Italy and Germany were primarily religious paintings within an architectural framework.

reredos

reredos
An ornamental screen or wall at the back of an altar.

reredos

a screen or wall decoration at the back of an altar, in the form of a hanging, tapestry, painting, or piece of metalwork or sculpture
References in periodicals archive ?
The article mentions an enigma about the reredos - namely what work of such magnificence is doing tucked away in a small country church.
But more distinctive are the examples of medieval stained glass on each side of the reredos that flank the altar.
Warhol's astral divas--Marilyn, Liz, and Jackie--likewise memorialized as gridded screens, are transformed in this reredos, Lemieux's parochial confessional.
In the balcony area, LED washlights, PAR38 and theatrical PAR fixtures illuminate the bicentennial organ, the stained-glass rose window and the choir, respectively, while in the chancel, track-mounted PAR30 fixtures brighten the altar and chancel choir and PAR38 track heads make the reredos shine.
For decades, reredos altars, statuary, tabernacles, baptismal fonts, stations of the cross, and valuable historic lighting have been walking the tightrope of being insured or not insured.
Their buildings are often not so much churches as cinemas with ecclesiastical trappings or lecture halls with a reredos on the wall when normally there would be blackboard.
The building's civic genome originated in 2002 at Parry's Stirling Prize shortlisted 30 Finsbury Square, whose main facade (an inversion of Le Corbusier's Five Points) suggests a garden trellis, or reredos to the altar of its urban green, and something of the formal and public conviviality of Rafael Moneo's Murcia Town Hall annexe.
(53.) On August 15, 1626, the Fathers were still actively at work covering the whole of it, inside, with the interesting paintings, chiefly scenes of the New Testament: in the sanctuary, eight panels depicted scenes of Our Lady's life; the reredos of the altar had five panels, not counting the crucifix and image of Our Lady and Child, both these sculptured (de vulto); scenes of Our Lord's life were to be painted round the nave.
Bodley to work on the reredos of St Paul's Cathedral (in his opinion, Bodley's was far too Gothic a sensibility for such a project).
In January 2003 the panels depicting St Aidan, Cuthbert, Benet Biscop & Bede, which had been housed in the cafe for the past 20 years, were returned to their original location in the carved stone reredos at the back of the alter.
A carved and painted altar rail and an elaborate reredos, or altar screen, are decorated with painted designs and religious symbols.