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1. a person legally qualified to practise medicine, esp one specializing in areas of treatment other than surgery; doctor of medicine
2. Archaic any person who treats diseases; healer
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person who has completed a higher medical education or higher veterinary education. (Dentists have a secondary medical education.)

Physicians are trained at higher medical educational institutions. Persons who have graduated from foreign medical schools gain the right to practice medicine in the USSR after passing state examinations and examinations in courses not given in foreign schools. Persons who have practiced medicine as well as those with advanced degrees are allowed to practice without taking examinations by special permission of the Ministry of Health. The physician in a socialist state engages in therapeutic and prophylactic work aimed at improving the environment and the working and living conditions of the people. He is guided by medical ethics, which also includes the concept of a physician’s duty. Working in a medical institution, the physician is obliged to keep medical secrets. His duty is to render first aid. Soviet law stipulates criminal liability for failure to take care of a sick person without valid reasons on the part of individuals required by law to do so (Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 128). If medical personnel have not provided the necessary care during performance of their official duties, they are held responsible for malpractice.

Physicians who also engage in private practice must record in special books general information about their patients, as well as the medicine prescribed and treatments given.

Physicians are divided by specialties into internists (for internal diseases), pediatricians (for children’s diseases), surgeons, gynecologists (for women’s diseases), roentgenologists, neurologists (for diseases of the nervous system), psychiatrists (for mental illnesses), dermatovenereologists (for skin and venereal diseases), stomatologists (for diseases of the oral cavity and teeth), otolaryngologists (for diseases of the ear, nose, and throat), phthisiologists (for tuberculosis), oncologists (for tumors), traumatic surgeons (for various injuries), orthopedists (for diseases of the organs of support and motion), and so on.

In the USSR certification is required to ensure the correct utilization of physicians and to improve their qualifications. Qualifications are determined by special committees. The highest qualification is awarded a physician who has had at least ten years of experience in his specialty and who has advanced theoretical and practical training. A physician’s salary depends on his qualifications and length of service.

In capitalist countries medical care is provided chiefly by private practitioners. In a number of countries some forms of medical care are provided free at state-owned medical centers or charitable organizations.


Artem’ev, F. A. Zakonodatel’stvo po upravleniiu zdarvookhraneniem SSSR. Moscow, 1955.
Semashko, N. A. “Ob etike sovetskogo vracha.” Gigiena i sanitariia, 1945, nos. 1-2.
Gruber, G. B. Arzt und Ethik. Berlin, 1956.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a physician?

See Doctor.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


An individual authorized to practice medicine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Resident physicians made decisions about interpreter use by weighing the perceived value of communication in clinical decision-making against their own time constraints.
KEY WORDS: Physical activity, resident physicians, smoking, obesity
This study assessed rates of recognition of abnormal blood pressure (BP) values in patients ages 3 to 18 years by family medicine attending physicians, resident physicians, and nurse practitioners/physician assistants.
element-invisibleNation ( Article MRec ), pagematch: 1, sectionmatch: 1Salic had denied the allegations, saying he was a resident physician at the Northern Mindanao Medical Center in Cagayan de Oro and attended a convention in Puerto Princesa when the workers were taken.In rejecting Salic's defense, the DOJ said it has no ill motive to implicate the doctor in the kidnapping.
Previously, he held positions including resident physician at Rush University Medical Center and Resurrection Medical Center, and also brings to the table sales and marketing experience from his time at General Electric.
The attending physician or chief resident communicates the order orally, and the resident physician enters it into the computer system.
Forest Park's rapid response team consists of a critical care nurse, respiratory therapist and a resident physician, who agree to respond to a page within two minutes.
The key for the resident physician is to become knowledgeable about practice management and look ahead as she considers taking the path that leads from employment to buying in as a shareholder.
The key for the resident physician is to become knowledgeable about practice management and look ahead as he or she considers taking the path that leads from employment to buying in as a shareholder.
Dayton was a resident physician employed by OSU and acting within the scope of her employment in treating the patient.
* METHODS A total of 1069 established patient charts from private family physician offices were reviewed by a family practice faculty physician, a family practice resident physician, and a professional coder.

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